Crop Residue Management Initiatives in Changing the Farmers Behaviour and Farm Production in Bareilly district


Abstract views: 115 / PDF downloads: 15

Authors

  • Madan Singh ICAR-IVRI
  • B P Singh Head, Division of Technology Assessment and Capacity Building, ICAR Research Complex for NEH Region, Umiam, Meghalaya-790103
  • V Kumar 3. Senior Scientist (Extension Education), ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad-500030 Telangana
  • M B Reddy Crop Science Expert,ICAR-IVRI
  • Mahesh Chander Pricipal Scientist, ICAR-IVRI
  • Shruti Scientist, ICAR-IVRI
  • R S Suman
  • Vanee Yadav Soil Science Expert

https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2024.60114

Keywords:

In-situ, Crop Residue Management, Farmers behaviour, Crop yield, Farm implements, Straw burning

Abstract

The study was conducted in Bareilly District of Western Uttar Pradesh from 2022 to 2023 to ascertain the impact of In-situ Crop Residue Management (CRM) initiatives in changing the farmers’ behaviour and improving the farm production on farmers’ field. A total of 81 adopted farmers were selected purposively for the study. In-situ crop residue management increased from 13.6% to 92.6%. Further, the manure and fertilizer usage in major crops viz. wheat, sugarcane, and mustard were reduced significantly among the adopted farmers on whose fields the demonstrations of  crop residue management were conducted. The crop yield of wheat, mustard, and sugarcane increased significantly by 24.44, 42.48, and 18.31 percent, respectively among the adopted farmers. Also germination, tillering/branching in plants, moisture in soil, and size of the grain increased due to the in-situ management of crop residue as reported by 70 to 80 percent of the farmers. Adoption of crop residue management practices in wheat crop reduced the cost of cultivation by 4 percent and gross and net return increased by 26.8 % and 44.3% respectively.

References

Chand, Ramesh and Singh, Jaspal Singh ( 2023). From Green Revolution to Amrit Kaal: Lessons and Way Forward for Indian Agriculture. NITI Working Paper 02/2023,1-44

Chatterjee A. 2013. Annual crop residue production and nutrient replacement costs for bioenergy feedstock production in United States. Agronomy Journal, 105 (3), 685–692.

DAC&FW (2022). Operational Guidelines of Central sector scheme on promotion of agricultural mechanization for in-situ management of crop residue in the states of Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh and NCT of Delhi.Government of India, Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (Mechanization & Technology Division) Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi-110001

Devi, S., Gupta, C., Jat, S. L., & Parmar, M. S. (2017). Crop residue recycling for economic and environmental sustainability: The case of India. Open Agriculture, 2(1), 486-494.

Hiloidhari, M., Das, D., & Baruah, D. C. (2014). Bioenergy potential from crop residue biomass in India. Renewable and sustainable energy reviews, 32, 504-512.

Jambagi, R., Singh, D. R., Singh, A., Venkatesh, P., Nain, M. S., & Panghal, P. (2023). Are Happy Seeder and PUSA Decomposer Potential Options for Sustainable Ways of Paddy Straw Management. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 132-137.

Judice, W. E., Griffin, J. L., Etheredge, L. M., & Jones, C. A. (2007). Effects of crop residue management and tillage on weed control and sugarcane production. Weed Technology, 21(3), 606-611.

Kumar, V. ,Gathala,M.K. , Saharawat, Y.S., Parihar C.M. , Kumar, R. and Nayak, H.S. (2019).Impact of tillage and crop establishment methods on crop yields, profitability and soil physical properties in rice–wheat system of Indo-Gangetic Plains of India.Soil Use Manage, 35 , 303-313

Mandal, K.G., Misra, A.K., Hati, M.K., Bandyopadhyay, K.K.,Ghosh, P.K. and Mohanty, M. (2004). Rice residue- managementoptions and effects on soil properties and crop productivity,Food, Agriculture & Environment, 2(1), 224-231.

Ministry of agriculture & farmers welfare, 2023. https://pib.gov.in/PressReleaseIframePage.aspx?PRID=1899193

Mittal S.K., Susheel K., Singh N., Agarwal R., Awasthi A., Gupta P.K. (2009) Ambient air quality during wheat and rice crop stubble burning episodes in Patiala. Atmos. Environ. 43:238–244.

NPMCR. [(accessed on 6 March 2019)]; Available online: http://agricoop.nic.in/sites/default/files/NPMCR_1.pdf

Porichha, G. K., Hu, Y., Rao, K. T. V., & Xu, C. C. (2021). Crop residue management in India: Stubble burning vs. other utilizations including bioenergy. Energies, 14(14), 4281.

Saha, S., Chakraborty, D., Sharma, A. R., Tomoar, R. K., Bhadraray, S., Sen, U. & Kalra, N. (2010). Effect of tillage and residue management on soil physical properties and crop productivity in maize (Zea mays)–Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) system. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 80(8), 679-685.

Shyamsundar, P., Springer, N. P., Tallis, H., Polasky, S., Jat, M. L., Sidhu, H. S., ... & Somanathan, R. (2019). Fields on fire: Alternatives to crop residue burning in India. Science, 365(6453), 536-538.

Singh, G., Singh, P., Sodhi, G. P. S., & Tiwari, D. (2020). Adoption status of rice residue management technologies in south western Punjab. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 56(3), 76-82.

TIFAC (2023, September 11). Availability of Indian biomass resources for exploitation. https://tifac.org.in/index.php/reports-publications/reports-2010-onwards/other-reports/8-publication/240-availability-of-indian-biomass-resources-for-exploitation?start=1

Turmel, M. S., Speratti, A., Baudron, F., Verhulst, N., & Govaerts, B. (2015). Crop residue management and soil health: A systems analysis. Agricultural Systems, 134, 6-16.

Venkatramanan V, Shah S, Rai, A, K, and Prasad, R. (2021). Nexus between crop residue burning, bioeconomy and sustainable development goals over North-Western India. Frontiers Energy Research. 8, https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fenrg.2020.614212/full

Downloads

Submitted

18.10.2023

Published

06.04.2024

How to Cite

Crop Residue Management Initiatives in Changing the Farmers Behaviour and Farm Production in Bareilly district. (2024). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 60(1), 73-79. https://doi.org/10.48165/IJEE.2024.60114
Citation

Similar Articles

1-10 of 1014

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>