Gross Anatomical Study on the Mandible of Rhesus Monkey (Macaca mulata)
Keywords:Gross anatomy, Mandible, Monkey
The present investigation was conducted on the mandible of adult rhesus monkey (Macaca mulata). The carcass of monkey was procured from the veterinary clinical complex, Mathura. It was macerated, cleaned and washed to procure the bones. All the bones were well identified in the skull of monkey. The mandible or lower jaw bone was studied with it functional importance and application in forensic science. Two halves of mandible were completely fused together and a faint line demarcate the place of fusion. The intermandibular space was 'V' shaped. Body of mandible had alveoli for 04 incisors and 02 well developed canine teeth. The horizontal ramus had 02 premolar and 03 molar teeth.The mental foramen was present below the 2nd premolar tooth in horizontal ramus. The coronoid process was thin plate like directed upward and projecting outward. An oblique ridge was noticed between mandibular foramen and coronoid process. The condyles were elongated transversely and extended caudoventraly. The neck of mandible was indistinct. The mandibular notch was shallow in rhesus monkey.
Archana, Sudhakar, L.S. and Sharma, D.N. 1998. Anatomy of the mandible of yak (Bos grunniens). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 10:16-20.
Bharti, S.K., Singh, I. and Choudhary O.P. 2020. Gross Anatomical Study on the Mandible of Blue Bull (Boselaphustragocamelus)Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 32: 65-66.
Casteleyn, C. and Bakker, J. 2021. Anatomy of the rhesus monkey (Macaca mulatta): The Essentials for the Biomedical Researcher.Updates on Veterinary Anatomy and Physiology, Intech open.
Chaurasia, S., Tiwari Y., Pandey A., Kumar V. and Malik, M.R.2010. Biometry of mandible of camel (Camelus dromedarius).International Journal of Molecular Biology 1:25-28.
Choudhary, O.P. and Singh, I. 2015. Applied anatomy of the maxillofacial and mandibular regions of the Indian blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra).Journal of Animal Research 5:497-500.
Choudhary, O.P. and Singh, I.2016. Morphological and radiographic studies on the skull of Indian blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra). International Journal of Morphology 6:775–783.
Choudhary, O.P., Kalita, P.C., Doley P.J. and Kalita, A. 2018. Morphological Studies on the mandible of local pig (Zovawk) of Mizoram.Journal of Animal Research 8 : 919-922.
Choudhary, O.P., Singh, I., Bharti S.K., Mohd K.I., Sathapathy S. and Mrigesh,M. 2015. Gross and morphometrical studies on mandible of blackbuck (Antelope cervicapra).International Journal of Morphology 33:428-432.
Diogo, R., Muchlinski, M.N. and Rose, A.H. 2017. Comparative Anatomy of Primates. Basics in Human Evolution.Elsevier Inc. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-802652- 6.00004-9.
Getty, R. 2012. Sisson and Grossman's The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. 5thedn., pp. 729-735. W.B. Saunders Company,Philadelphia.
Joshi H. 2004. Gross anatomical studies of the skull of indian tiger (Panthera tigris). M.V.Sc. thesis, Bikaner, Rajasthan Agricultural University.
Kalita, A., Sarma, M. and Sarma, K. K. 2001. Anatomy of the mandible of indian leopard. Indian Veterinary Journal 78:1138–1140.
Khatra, G.S. 1979. Morphology of os mandibulae of buffalo (Bubalus bubalis). Journal ofResearch ,Punjab Agricultural University 16: 124-128.
Kumawat, R., Mathur, R., Joshi, S. And Choudhary O.P. 2014. Gross anatomical studies on the cranial bones of skull in chital (Axis axis). Indian Journal of Veterinary Anatomy 26:54–55.
Miller, M.E., Christensen, G.C., Evans, H.E.1964. Anatomy of the dog. W. B. Saunders Co, Philadelphia.
Mohamed, R. 2019. Anatomical and radiographic study on the skull and mandible of the african Lion (Panthera leo).Journal of Morphological Sciences 36 :174–181.
Raghvan, D.1964. Anatomy of theOx. 1stedn., pp, 76-80. Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi.
Singh P. 1984. Gross Anatomical Studies on the Skull of Camel (Camelus dromedarius). M.V.Sc. thesis, Hisar, Haryana Agriculture University.
Sisson, S. 1953. The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. 4thedn., W.B. Saunders Company, Philadelphia.