Histochemical Changes of Ovary in Relation to Pituitary Gland During Prepubertal Period in Goat (Capra hircus)
Keywords:Prepubertal goats, Acidophils, Basophils, Alkaline phosphatase, Acid phosphatase, Lipids
Goats are not sexually competent at birth and post-natal development of reproductive organs regulated by pituitary hormones play an important role in attainment of puberty and that in turn reflects upon the optimum reproductive
performance. The present work is aimed to explore the histochemical changes of ovary in relation to pituitary gland inÂ prepubertal goats. Type II basophils in pituitary gland showed intense PAS positive reaction that increased with age
emphasizing the increase in production of LH and FSH from prepubertal to pubertal stage. It is well correlated with lipidÂ localization in granulosa cells, ovum and theca internal cells associated with steroid hormone production and high alkalineÂ phosphatase activity associated with steroid hormone metabolism in ovaries. There was significant increase in acidÂ phosphatase activity in oocytes, zona pellucida and theca interna cells of vesicular and atretic follicles indicating theÂ secretory activity associated with the Golgi complex and lysosomes.