Management of Nitrogen and Phosphorous in Green Gram (Vigna radiata) by Foliar Supplementation of Urea Phosphate in Acidic Inceptisols


Abstract views: 190 / PDF downloads: 0

Authors

  • M MONICA Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India
  • A K DASH Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India
  • N PANDA Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India
  • A P MISHRA Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India
  • S G SAHU Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India
  • M PRUSTY Department of Soil Science & Agricultural Chemistry, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar - 751 003, Odisha, India

Keywords:

Foliar spray, Green gram, Nitrogen, Phosphorous, Urea Phosphate

Abstract

Foliar fertilization is key to correct the diagnosis of plant nutrient deficiencies. Under certain situations, the foliar application is more economical and efficient than soil application. Foliar fertilization of crops sometimes adds to soil fertilization. It provides more rapid utilization of nutrients by stomata in less time, particularly in the daytime. Foliar application of urea phosphate (UP), acidic water-soluble fertilizer, along with blanket fertilizer doses can influence the photosynthetic activity as well as yield, nutrient use efficiency and economics of the crop green gram. A field experiment was conducted during 2015-2016 to study the present hypothesis. The experimental design was laid out in randomized block design (RBD) with 3 replications having 10 treatments. These treatments were T1: control (no nutrient); T2: 50% of the recommended dose of fertilizer (RDF) for N and P; T3: 75% of RDF for N and P; T4: 100% RDF for N and P; T5: 50% of RDF for N and P + twice foliar spray (FS) of 1% UP; T6: 50% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 2% UP; T7: 75% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 1% UP; T8: 75% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 2% UP; T9: 100% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 1% UP; T10: 100% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 2% UP. The total chlorophyll content in green gram leaves at different growth stages due to different treatments varied from 2.57 to 4.01 mg g-1 fresh weight. Irrespective of the treatments, an increasing trend of total chlorophyll content was observed up to 29 days of sowing and the highest content was observed with T10 (4.01 mg g-1 fresh weight). Yield attributes like grain (834.1 kg ha-1) and straw (2535.4 kg ha-1) yield were recorded highest with T10 (100% of RDF + twice FS of 2% UP) whereas the lowest value was observed with T1. Similarly, uptake of nutrients (N-55.5 kg ha-1; P-8.6 kg ha-1; and K-27.0 kg ha-1) in green gram leaves at harvest stages were also recorded maximum in T10. The highest nutrient use efficiency (16.3 kg of grain per total kg of nutrient) was recorded with T2 whereas apparent nutrient recovery of N (97.5 %) and K (26.3%) were recorded highest with T10. The highest cost of cultivation (Rs. 19025), gross income (Rs. 38370), net return (Rs. 19345) and benefit-cost ratio (2.02) was also observed with T10 (100% of RDF for N and P + twice FS of 2% UP).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Downloads

Submitted

2021-03-31

Published

2021-08-12

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

MONICA, M., DASH, A. K., PANDA, N., MISHRA, A. P., SAHU, S. G., & PRUSTY, M. (2021). Management of Nitrogen and Phosphorous in Green Gram (Vigna radiata) by Foliar Supplementation of Urea Phosphate in Acidic Inceptisols. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 39(1), 52-60. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JISCAR/article/view/111271