Effect of Drip Fertigation on Growth and Yield of Papaya (Carica papaya L.) in Semi-arid Tropical Region of Maharashtra
Abstract views: 128 / PDF downloads: 127
Keywords:Drip irrigation, Fertigation, Growth, Papaya, Yield
The experiment was conducted for two consecutive years of 2015-16 and 2016-17 at Irrigation Water Management Farm, Mahatma Phule Krishi Vidyapeeth, Rahuri to assess the effect of drip fertigation on growth and yield of papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Red lady. The experiment was laid out in split plot design with three replications. The treatments comprised of four levels of drip irrigation viz., 60, 80, 100 and 120% of ETc as main plot treatments and fertigation levels viz., 75, 100 and 12 % of RDF as subplot treatments. Surface irrigation with soil surface application of 100% RDF was taken as control. The plant height, stem girth, number of functional leaves, and plant spread of papaya were significantly influenced by different drip irrigation levels. Significantly higher plant height (322.05 cm), stem girth (48.17 cm), number of functional leaves (38.27), E-W plant spread (294.99 cm) and N-S spread (290.56 cm) was recorded when crop was irrigated at 120% ETc. Fertigation with 125% RDF registered significantly higher plant height (287.99 cm), stem girth (45.49 cm), number of functional leaves (35.52), E-W plant spread (284.41 cm) and N-S plant spread (280.00 cm). Drip irrigation at 125% ETc recorded significantly higher papaya yield (222.97 t ha-1) which was at par with 100% ETc (207.96 t ha-1). On the other hand, fertigation level of 125% RDF registered the maximum papaya yield (211.35 t ha-1) which was 90.80% higher over control, respectively. Significant interaction effect of drip irrigation and fertigation levels on papaya yield was observed and highest yield (255.09 t ha-1) was obtained with the treatment combination of drip irrigation at 100% ETc with fertigation of 125% RDF which was at par with drip irrigation at 120% ETc with fertigation of 125% RDF.
Awada, I. P., Suehisa, R. H. and Padgett, M. M. (1979). Effects of drip irrigation and fertilization on vegetative growth, fruit yield and mineral composition of the petioles and fruits of papaya. Honolulu Agricultural Experiment Station, University of Hawaii. 20 p.
Biswas, R. K., Rana, S. K. and Mallick, S. (1999). Performance of drip irrigation in papaya cultivation in new alluvium agro-climatic zone of West Bengal. Annals of Agricultural Research 20(1): 116-117.
Chandrakumar, S. S., Thimmegowda, S., Srinivas, S. K., Reddy, B. M. C. and Devakumar, N. (2001). Performance of Robusta banana under nitrogen and potassium fertigation. South Indian Horticulture 49: 92-94.
Da Silva, M. S., De Melo, A. S., Pedroza, J. P. Gomes, J. P. and Junior, S. D. O. M. (2013). Quality of papaya hybrid grown under different irrigation depths. Engineering and Agriculture 33(4): 865-875.
Deshmukh, G., Hardaha, M. K. and Mishra, K. P. (2014). Parameters design of drip fertigation system for papaya (Carica papaya Linn.) crop. Indian Journal of Science Research and Technology 2(5): 1- 4.
Jeyakumar, P., Amutha R., Balamohan T. N., Auxcilia J. and Nalina, L. (2010). Fertigation improves fruit yield and quality of papaya. Acta Horticulturae 581: 369-376.
Michael A. M. (2008). Irrigation Theory and Practice, Second Edition, Vikas Publication House Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.
Panse, V. G. and Sukhatme, P. V. (1985). Statistical Methods for Agricultural Workers, Indian Council of Agricultural Research, New Delhi, India. pp 135-136.
Sadarunnisa, S. C., Madhumathi, Babu, K. H., Sreenivasulu, B. and Krishna, M. R. (2010). Effect of fertigation on growth and yield of papaya cv. Red Lady. Acta Horticulturae 851: 395-400.
Santana, J. L., Sousa, M. J., Rodriguez, M. C. and Suarez, C. L. (2008). Response of the papaya (Carica papaya L.) plant to deficit irrigation in the Canary Islands. Acta Horticulturae 792: 559-566.
Sharma, H. G., Dubey, P., Agrawal, N. and Satpute, P. (2005). Effect of fertigation through water soluble fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of papaya. International Conference on Plasticulture and Precision Farming, November 17-21, 2005, New Delhi, India.
Solaimalai, A., Baskar, M., Sadasakthf, A. and Subburamu, K. (2005). Fertigation in high value crops â€“ a review. Agricultural Reviews 26(I): 1-13.
Tank, R. V., Patel, N. L. and Naik, J. R. (2011) . Effect of fertigation on growth, yield and quality of papaya (Carica papaya L.) cv. Madhu Bindu under south Gujarat conditions. The Asian Journal of Horticulture 6(2): 339-343.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2019 Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research (ISCAR)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
The copyright of the articles published in the Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research lies with the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research (ISCAR), who has the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in the journal. However, ISCAR supports open access and there is no restriction in the use, distribution and reproduction in any medium provided that it is not being used for commercial purposes and due credit is given to ISCAR.