Influence of Organic Nutrient Management on Soil Properties, Growth, Yield and Economics of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Coastal Salt Affected Soil of Gujarat


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Authors

  • M M PATEL Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari - 396 450, Gujarat
  • H K JOSHI Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari - 396 450, Gujarat
  • V A PATEL Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari - 396 450, Gujarat
  • J M PATEL Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari - 396 450, Gujarat
  • V P USADADIA Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari - 396 450, Gujarat

Keywords:

Biofertilizer, Coastal salt affected soil, Garlic yield, Organic manures

Abstract

A field experiment was conducted at Coastal Soil Salinity Research Station, Navsari Agricultural University, Danti-Umbharat, Navsari, Gujarat during rabi seasons of 2012-13, 2013-14 and 2014-15 to study the effect of organic manures and bio-fertilizer on growth and productivity of garlic. In total six treatment combinations comprising of three treatments of organics which were applied on nitrogen equivalent basis i.e., O1: 50% N through FYM as basal + 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS, O2: 50% N through biocompost as basal + 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS, O3: 50% N through vermicompost as basal + 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS and two treatments of biofertilizer i.e., B1: with biofertilizer (PSB and Azotobacter) and B2: without biofertilizer were evaluated in factorial randomized block design with four replications. Application of recommended dose of N @ 100 kg ha-1 of which 50% N through bio-compost as basal and remaining 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS recorded significantly higher average bulb weight (11.98 g), bulb yield (7.9 t ha-1) and lower weight loss after six months of storage (18.14%). Cloves inoculation with biofertilizers resulted in significantly higher plant height (59.07 cm) and average bulb weight (12.29 g). In case of interaction effect, application of recommended dose of N @ 100 kg ha-1 of which 50% N through bio-compost as basal and remaining 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS along with bio-fertilizers recorded higher bulb yield (9.2 t ha-1), gross return (` 3,66,174 ha-1), net return (` 2,63,039 ha-1) and BC ratio (2.55) followed by 50% N through vermicompost as basal + 50% N through castor cake at 40 DAS with bio-fertilizer.

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Submitted

2019-08-03

Published

2019-06-30

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Articles

How to Cite

PATEL, M. M., JOSHI, H. K., PATEL, V. A., PATEL, J. M., & USADADIA, V. P. (2019). Influence of Organic Nutrient Management on Soil Properties, Growth, Yield and Economics of Garlic (Allium sativum L.) in Coastal Salt Affected Soil of Gujarat. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 37(1), 69-75. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JISCAR/article/view/92414