An Overview of the Ganges Coastal Zone: Climate, Hydrology, Land Use and Vulnerability


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Authors

  • M MAINUDDIN CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, ACT - 2601, Australia
  • R W BELL Sustainable Land Management, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA - 6150, Australia
  • D S GAYDON CSIRO Agriculture and Food, Brisbane, QLD - 4067, Australia
  • J M KIRBY CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, ACT - 2601, Australia
  • E G BARRETT-LENNARD Sustainable Land Management, Murdoch University, Murdoch, WA - 6150, Australia
  • M GLOVER CSIRO Land and Water, Canberra, ACT - 2601, Australia
  • M A RAZZAQUE AKANDA Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • B MAJI ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Canning Town - 743 329, West Bengal, India
  • M ANSAR ALI Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • K BRAHMACHARI Bidhan Chandra Krishi Viswavidyalaya, Mohanpur - 741 252, West Bengal, India
  • M MANIRUZZAMAN Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • M A AZIZ Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • D BURMAN ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Canning Town - 743 329, West Bengal, India
  • J C BISWAS Bangladesh Rice Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • M M RAHMAN Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute, Gazipur - 1701, Bangladesh
  • S K SARANGI ICAR-Central Soil Salinity Research Institute, Regional Research Station, Canning Town - 743 329, West Bengal, India

Keywords:

Coastal zone, Ganges delta, Ground water, Island, Polders, Salinity

Abstract

The Ganges coastal zone is the contiguous area covering southern Bangladesh and Sundarbans region of West Bengal, India. Agriculture in this zone is the main source of livelihood for the inhabitants; however, it is influenced by several climate, soil, and anthropogenic activities. This zone is covered by polders in Bangladesh and islands in West Bengal. Cropping system in this area is very low due to several constraints particularly high soil salinity and irrigation water scarcity. Researchers and NGOs from Australia, Bangladesh, and India have been working together since 2015 under a project entitled “Cropping system intensification in the salt-affected coastal zones of Bangladesh and West Bengal, India†to sustainably increase cropping intensity and productivity in this area. The project is funded by the Australian Centre for International Agricultural Research (ACIAR). This special issue is based on the research findings of various experiments on the climatic variability, cropping system options, management of fertilizer, irrigation water as well as social and economic issues conducted under the aegis of the project in Bangladesh and West Bengal, India.

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Submitted

2019-08-27

Published

2019-11-14

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Articles

How to Cite

MAINUDDIN, M., BELL, R. W., GAYDON, D. S., KIRBY, J. M., BARRETT-LENNARD, E. G., GLOVER, M., RAZZAQUE AKANDA, M. A., MAJI, B., ANSAR ALI, M., BRAHMACHARI, K., MANIRUZZAMAN, M., AZIZ, M. A., BURMAN, D., BISWAS, J. C., RAHMAN, M. M., & SARANGI, S. K. (2019). An Overview of the Ganges Coastal Zone: Climate, Hydrology, Land Use and Vulnerability. Journal of the Indian Society of Coastal Agricultural Research, 37(2), 1-11. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JISCAR/article/view/93097