Morphological and Seed Quality Characterization of Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum) germplasm


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Characterization of Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum) germplasm

Authors

  • Zaitoon Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Mohammad Anwar Khan SKUAST-Kashmir https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7733-6122
  • Reyazul Rouf Mir Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Himani Mukhtapuram Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Sanjay Kumar National seed Project, Faculty of Horticulture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar Campus, Srinagar-190025, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Tahmeena Bano Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Sofora Jan Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Safoora shafi Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India
  • Fahim Jeelani Wani Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • Amit Kumar Singh
  • Mushtaq Ahmad Bhat Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.
  • Asif Bashir Shikari

Keywords:

Emmer wheat, morphological traits, Yield traits,, Seed quality traits, Seed vigour index

Abstract

A set of emmer wheat germplasm lines were studied for eight (08) morphological viz., days to 50% flowering, days to maturity, plant height (cm), number of tillers per plant, spike length (cm), number of spikes per plant, number of grains per spikes and grain yield per plant, and eight (08) seed quality parameters viz., grain length, grain breadth, 1000 grain weight (g), standard germination (%), electrical conductivity, seed density, seed vigour index-I, seed vigour index-II.  The analysis of variance (ANOVA) of germplasm lines for morphological traits revealed that the mean square for blocks were significant for all the traits except for days to 50% flowering and number of spikes per plant. The mean square value of treatments was found significant for all traits except for spike length and days to maturity. The analysis of variance (ANOVA) for eight (08) seed quality parameters depicted highly significant differences among the genotypes for all the traits under study. The study could identify seven (07) emmer wheat genotypes showing significant and variable expression for morphological traits, twelve (12) genotypes revealed significant seed quality parameters, while twenty nine (29) genotypes were resistant to leaf blight disease. Overall the genotype EW-192 possessed significant yield traits with resistance to leaf blight, while genotypes EW-93 and EW-157 carried good seed quality parameters in combination with resistance to leaf blight. The identified sources for improvement of morphological, yield attributing and seed quality traits and leaf blight resistance could be directly used in hybridization programmes, gene transfer or introgression studies aimed at genetic improvement of bread/ emmer wheats. The sources of resistance to leaf blight identified in the study could further be tested for their effectiveness and use in gene deployment studies with ultimate goal of building a long lasting and durable leaf blight resistance in wheat.

Author Biographies

  • Zaitoon, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    M.Sc. Student of Seed Science and Technology at Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Mohammad Anwar Khan, SKUAST-Kashmir

    Professor (Genetics and Plant Breeding)

  • Reyazul Rouf Mir, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    Associate Professor GPB, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Himani Mukhtapuram, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    M.Sc. GPB Student at Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

  • Sanjay Kumar, National seed Project, Faculty of Horticulture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar Campus, Srinagar-190025, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    Assistant Professor (Seed science and technology) National seed Project, Faculty of Horticulture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Shalimar Campus, Srinagar-190025, Jammu and Kashmir, India

  • Tahmeena Bano, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    PhD. Seed Science and technology Student, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

     

  • Sofora Jan, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    PhD Genetics and Plant breeding student at Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

  • Safoora shafi, Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India

    PhD. GPB Student at Division of Genetics and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

  • Fahim Jeelani Wani, Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

    Assistant Professor (Statistics), Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

  • Mushtaq Ahmad Bhat, Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

    Assistant professor (Statistics) Division of Agriculture Economics and Statistics, Faculty of Agriculture, Sher-e-Kashmir University of Agricultural Sciences and Technology of Kashmir, Wadura campus, Sopore-193201, Jammu and Kashmir, India.

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Submitted

2023-02-18

Published

2024-01-08

Issue

Section

Research Article

How to Cite

Morphological and Seed Quality Characterization of Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum) germplasm : Characterization of Emmer Wheat (Triticum dicoccum) germplasm . (2024). Journal of Cereal Research, 15(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/JWR/article/view/133480

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