Gold nanoparticles for improved electron microscopic detection of Potato virus M in potato leaves and tubers


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Authors

  • Baswaraj Raigond
  • Jeevalatha A
  • Ravinder Kumar
  • Tarvinder Kochhar
  • Priyanka Kaundal
  • Shivani Roach
  • Rajender Kumar
  • B P Singh

Keywords:

Electron microscope, gold nanoparticles, Potato virus M.

Abstract

The present study was aimed to develop immuno-gold electron microscopic technique to detect Potato virus
M (PVM) in potato leaves and tubers. In-house raised antibodies against PVM were used for immuno globulin G (IgG)
purification and conjugated with colloidal gold (CG) nanoparticles. The electron microscope (EM) studies revealed the
presence of good concentrations of elongated particles coupled with several IgG conjugated gold (IgG-CG) nanoparticles either
single or in small clusters indicating the presence of PVM. The cross reactivity and sensitivity of developed technique was
examined with the pure cultures of PVY, PVS, PVA, PVX and PVM. Wherein, it revealed that only homologous virus (PVM)
was decorated but not the others. The technique was validated with suspected potato leaf samples collected from field. The
results of the optimized technique were parallel confirmed by RT-PCR wherein, the results supplemented the developed
technique. The technique was further extended to detect PVM in potato tubers where elongated virus particles coupled with
gold nanoparticles were observed revealing the presence of Potato virus M in potato tubers. This study describes a useful
method that allows us for same day diagnosis and contributes significantly towards a rapid and clear identification of PVM
in potato leaves and tubers.

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Author Biographies

  • Baswaraj Raigond
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Jeevalatha A
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Ravinder Kumar
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Tarvinder Kochhar
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Priyanka Kaundal
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Shivani Roach
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • Rajender Kumar
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India
  • B P Singh
    ICAR-Central Potato Research Institute, Shimla-171001, Himachal Pradesh, India

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How to Cite

Raigond, B., A, J., Kumar, R., Kochhar, T., Kaundal, P., Roach, S., Kumar, R., & Singh, B. P. (2016). Gold nanoparticles for improved electron microscopic detection of Potato virus M in potato leaves and tubers. Potato Journal, 43(1). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/PotatoJ/article/view/59701