DEVELOPMENT OF CALOTROPIS/COTTON BLENDED YARN AND ITS PROPERTIES


Abstract views: 128 / PDF downloads: 138

Authors

  • REEMA BORA*, SARADI JYOTSNA GOGOI and BINITA B. KALITA Department of Textiles and Apparel Designing, College of Community Science, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat- 785 013

https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2023.51.1.08

Keywords:

Blending, Biodegradable, Calotropis gigantea, Fibre extraction, Properties, Yarn

Abstract

Natural fibres, which are an important part of the human environment, and also valuable raw materials used for textile and non-textile production. The use of natural fibres instead of materials such as glass fibres, carbon, and talc provides several advantages including low density, low cost, good specific mechanical properties, and biodegradability. Blending is the mixing of two or more masses of fibres so that the resulting mixture has the characteristics of the average of the component items. The most important reason for blending is the creation of new and more desirable effects.This study was conducted in Assam in the year 2021. Four different methods were used for the extraction of fibre from the peeled bark of tender stems of Calotropis gigantea plants and among which chemical retting with alkali (NaOH) was selected for the study. The study was carried out by blending Calotropis and cotton in three proportions (25:75, 50:50, and 75:25 ratios) and the properties of blended yarns were investigated. It was observed that the Cotton yarn has given a higher amount of TPI and extension than the blended yarn. Fifty: fifty blended yarn have higher tensile stress, and higher lea strength than the other yarn, and were the finest among the blends.The cotton yarn had a finer count, high lea strength, and more count strength product compared to blended yarns. It was also noticed that 50:50 blended yarn had high count strength product than the other combination. 

References

Bilal ,M., Wang, Z., Cui J., Ferreira, L.,

Bharagava, N and Iqbal, H. 2020. Environmental impact of lignocellulosic

wastes and their effective exploitation as

smart carriers - A drive towards greener

and eco-friendlier biocatalytic systems.

Science of the Total Environment. 722:1-

Booth, J.E. 1996. Principles of textile testing.

C.B.S. publishers, New Delhi. pp. 256.

Bora, R and Padmini, T. 2019. Fibre extraction

from Calotropis gigantea stem with

different retting methods and its

comparision. International Journal of

Chemical Studies. 7(3): 144-150.

Debnath, S and Sengupta, S. 2009. Effect of

linear density, twist and blend proportion

on some physical properties of Jute and

hollow polyster blended yarn. Indian

Journal Fibre &Textile Research. 34(1):

-19.

Devi, R. D. 2012. Extraction and spinnability

of mesta (Hibiscus sabdariffa) fibre. M.Sc.

Thesis submitted to University of

Agricultural Sciences, Dharward.

Dhaliwal, J.S. 2019. Natural fibres:

Applications.Retrieved from the website

www.intechopen.com/chapters/69714 on

8.22.

Dhanalaxmi, K and Vastrad, J. 2013. Influence

of retting methods of quality of mesta

fibre. Indian Journal Products and

Resources. 4 (2): 178-183.

Hulle, A., Kadole, P and Katkar, P. 2015. Agave

Americana leaf fibres. Fibres. 3: 64-75. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/fib3010064

Karimah, A., Ridho, M., Munawar, S., Adi, D.,

Ismadi, Damayanti, R., Subiyanto, B.,

Fatriasari, W and Fudholi, A. 2021. A

review on natural fibres for development

of eco-friendly bio-composite:

characteristics, and utilizations. Journal

of Material Research and Technology.

: 2442-2458.

Karthik, T and Ganesan, P. 2012. Development

of eco-friendly textile composites from

Calotropis gigantea bast fibre.

International Journal General

Engineering and Technology (Ijget). 1

(1): 26-43.

Lakshmi, R.P. 2014. Development of blended

fabric from Calotropis gigantea bast

fibre. M.Sc. Thesis submitted to the

Tamil Nadu Agricultural University,

Coimbatore.

Mwaikambo, L.Y and Ansell, M. P. 2006.

Mechanical properties of alkali treated

plant fibres and their potential as

reinforcement materials, Part I, Hemp

fibres. Journal of Materials Science. 41

(8): 2483-2496.

Reddy, N and Yang Y. 2009. Extraction and

characterization of natural cellulose

fibres from common milkweed stems.

Polymer Engineering and Science.

(11): 2212-2217.

Sasikala, P and Thangamani, K. 2017. A

comparative study on bamboo/cotton

and bamboo/polyester blended woven

fabrics. International Education and

Research Journal. 3(8): 28-35.8.

Yang, Y and Reddy, N. 2006. Properties of high

quality and long natural cellulose fibres

from rice straw and method of producing

rice straw fibre. Journal of Agricultural

and Food Chemistry. 54(21): 8077-8081.

Downloads

Submitted

08-05-2023

Published

31-03-2023

How to Cite

REEMA BORA*, SARADI JYOTSNA GOGOI and BINITA B. KALITA. (2023). DEVELOPMENT OF CALOTROPIS/COTTON BLENDED YARN AND ITS PROPERTIES. The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 51(1), 58-67. https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2023.51.1.08

Similar Articles

1-10 of 34

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.