IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON MILLET YIELD IN INDIA SINCE 1991: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS


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Authors

  • KRISHNA KUMAR JADAUN* and AKRAM AHMAD KHAN Department of Agricultural Economics & Business Management, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh - 202 002

https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2023.51.1.15

Keywords:

ARDL, Climate Change, India, Millet yield

Abstract

This study examines the effects of climate change on millet yield in India using secondary
data for thirty years (1991-2020). The variation in agricultural millet production in India is estimated
using average annual temperature, precipitation, CO2 emissions per capita, and the rural
population. Assessing the order of integration using the unit root test and augmented DickeyFuller (ADF). Estimations of the unit root demonstrate that all variables are stationary at the level
and first difference. The autoregressive distributive lag (ARDL) bound test is applied to establish
the relationship between variables. The study demonstrates that the average yearly temperature
has a negative and significant effect on millet yield, whereas, CO2 emission per capita has a
favourable long-term impact on millet yield. In India, 1% increase in yearly average temperature
results in a 3.06% decrease in millet yield, while 1% increase in CO2 emissions per capita results
in a 0.42% gain in millet yield on average. In the short run, independent variables do not affect
millet yield. As the population of India grows, the nation will face food security issues. There is a
need for strategies to mitigate the negative impact of temperature on agricultural yield and secure
sufficient food for a growing population

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Submitted

08-05-2023

Published

08-05-2023

How to Cite

KRISHNA KUMAR JADAUN* and AKRAM AHMAD KHAN. (2023). IMPACT OF CLIMATE CHANGE ON MILLET YIELD IN INDIA SINCE 1991: AN ECONOMETRIC ANALYSIS. The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 51(1), 129-139. https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2023.51.1.15

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