Abstract views: 111 / PDF downloads: 39


  • Raghunadha Reddy, G., Govindaraju, K.V., Pravallika, K.V. S.D., Ramesh Naik, S and Sirisha, K.J.V.K. Centre for Agriculture and Rural Development Policy Research (CARP), Acharya N.G. Ranga Agricultural University, Lam, Guntur- 522 034


Compound Annual Growth Rate (CAGR), Coppock’s Instability Index, Markov Chain Analysis, Pulses


The trend in area, production, and yield of major pulses in India through growth rate and instability analysis from 2000-01 to 2021-22 to reveal the position with an objective to support th way forward to achieve self-sufficiency. The growth rates were calculated by fitting the semi-log linear growth function, and instability was analyzed with the help of Coppock’s Instability Index (CII) for the total pulses of India
along with spatial and temporal patterns of area, production, and yield among major pulses. The results have shown a significantly positive trend in area, production, and yield of major pulses over the period of time. The compound annual growth in area and production showed positive but decreased trends after 2010–11 compared to earlier period. However, the yield growth rate was found higher than the growth rate in area, implying that area allocation for pulses is increasing marginally after 2010-11 while improvement in yield noticed. The main factors responsible include improvements in technologies and government support through schemes such as NFSM. In case of stability, yield factor has comparatively larger variability in sub-periods I and II, which are 0.42 and.0.44, respectively, as in production, whereas, instability is a bit lower in the case of area under cultivation.


Ardeshna, N.J and Shiyani, R.L. 2013. Dynamics

of cropping pattern in Gujarat state: A

Markov Chain Approach. International

Journal of Asian Academic Research

Associates. 1(9) 57-66.

Bastine, C.L and Palanisami, K.P. 1994. An

Analysis of Growth Trends in Principal Crops

in Kerala. Agricultural Situation in India.

(12): 885- 891.

Curron, J. 2012. The nutritional value and health

benefits of pulses in relation to obesity,

diabetes, heart disease and cancer. The

British Journal of Nutrition. 08(1) 145-159.

Dayakar Rao and Parwez, S. 2005. Dynamics of

cropping pattern in sorghum growing states

of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural

Economics. 4(16).

IIPR. 2015.Vision 2050.Indian Institute of Pulse

Research. Kanpur, Uttar Pradesh.

Jain, S. 2021. Why pulses continue to be a key

contributor to food inflation for households?.

Times of India. Sep 28, 2021.

Kumar, A. B. 2018. Growth and instability analysis

of pulses production in India. International

Journal of Agriculture Sciences. pp. 6722-

Kumar, A.G., Mehta, R., Pullabholta, H., Prasad,

S.K., Ganguly, K and Gulati, A. 2012.

Demand and Supply of Cereals in India. IFFRI

Discussion Paper 01158.

GoI, 2022. Press Release- India inching towards

‘Atmanirbharta’ in pulses. Press Information

Bureau, Government of India, New Delhi. pp.


Ragamalika, V., Rajeswari, S., Aparna, B and

Ravindra Reddy, B. 2021. Crop shifts in

rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh: A

Markov Chain Approach. Andhra Pradesh

Journal of Agricultural Sciences: 1-9.

Reddy, A.A and Mishra, D. 2006. Growth and

instability in chickpea production in India:

A State level analysis. Agricultural Situation

in India. pp.130-145.

Rimal, N.S., Kumar, S. Singh, D.R., Chahal, V.P

and Shaloo. 2015. Sources of Growth in

Pulses Production in India. Agricultural

Economics Research Review. 28(1): 91-102.

Singh, P, Shahi, B and Singh, K.M. 2017. Trends

of pulses production, consumption and

import in India: Current scenario and

strategies. Retrieved from the website


on 20.3.2023. MPRA Paper No. 81589

posted 27 Sep 2017.

Srivastava, S.K., Sivaramane, N and Mathur, V.C.

Diagnosis of pulses performance of

India. Agricultural Economics Research

Review. 23(1): 137-148.






How to Cite

Raghunadha Reddy, G., Govindaraju, K.V., Pravallika, K.V. S.D., Ramesh Naik, S and Sirisha, K.J.V.K. (2023). INDIAN PULSES- PROSPECTS OF ACHIEVING SELF-SUFFICIENCY. The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 51(3), 162-173.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 185

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.