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Author Guidelines

The following types of material will be considered for publication in the Journal (refer to guidelines for publication of research papers on the diseases not reported in India No. 53-8/99-LDT (LH) dated 11th August,2005):

2.1 PAPERS ON ORIGINAL RESEARCH COMPLETED, not exceeding 3,500 words (approximately 10-12 typed pages), should be exclusive for the journal. They should present a connected picture of the investigation and should not be split into parts.

2.2 SHORT RESEARCH NOTES not more than 1,500 words (about 4-5 typed pages), which deals with (a) research results which are complete but do not warrant comprehensive treatment, and (b) descriptions of new material or improved techniques, with supporting data. Such notes require no headed sections. Summary (not more than 80-100 words) is to be provided at the end of the text.

2.3 CRITICAL RESEARCH REVIEW pointing out lacunae in research and suggesting possible lines of future work.

2.4 Contributors are requested to ensure that the research papers or notes submitted for publications have a direct bearing on animal production or open up new grounds for productive research. Basic types of papers and notes which relate to investigations in a narrow specialized branch of a discipline may not form an appropriate material for this journal.

3. Author should check that articles has all the following sections and appear in that order:

Title
Name(s) of author(s)
Complete postal address(es) of affiliations (place where work was conducted)
Present address(es) of author(s) if applicable; Complete correspondence address including e-mail address to which the proofs should be sent (these are given as footnote on first page).
Abstract
Keywords (indexing terms), normally 3 – 6 items.
Introduction (without heading)
Material and methods
Results and Discussion
Conclusion (without heading)
Authorship Contribution Statement (This must include the contribution of each author in research and/or preparation of manuscript of the article.)
Acknowledgements 

References
Tables
Figure captions
Figures (separate file(s))
Titles and subtitles should not be run within the text.
They should be typed on a separate line, without indentation. Use lower-case letter type.
The Council reserves the privilege of returning to the author for revision accepted manuscripts and illustrations which are not in the proper form given in this guide.

3.1 The manuscript of the paper starts with the title. It should be short, specific and informative. It should be phrased to identify the content of the article and include the nature of the study, and technical approach, which is essential for key-word indexing and information retrieval. Title should be as brief as possible, and include the species involved in the research when applicable. Abbreviations are not permitted in the title.

3.2 In addition, a SHORT TITLE not exceeding 50 letters should be provided separately for running headlines. 3.3 The BYLINE should contain, in addition to the names and initials of the authors, the place where research was conducted. Naming an author on a paper implies that the person named is aware of the research reported and agrees with and accepts responsibility for any results or conclusions reported. The address of the institution should include the name of the institution, city, country and pin code. Present address should be given as a footnote. When a paper has several authors from different institutions, key the author to the address with superscript Arabic numerals and present the additional addresses as footnotes at the bottom of the page, e.g. Present address: Give designation, present address of all the authors and email of corresponding author.

Designation, Division of... ( 1email of all authors); 2Designation, Division of...( if second author is from different division). Designation, Division of...(if the author is from different place).

4. The ABSTRACT, written in complete sentences, should not have more than 250 words. It should contain a very brief account of the materials, methods, results, discussion and conclusion, so that the reader need not refer to the whole article except for details. It should not have references to literature, illustrations and tables. The abstract should summarize pertinent results in a brief but understandable form. The abstract should start with a clear statement of the objectives of the experiment and must conclude with one or two sentences that highlight important conclusions. "An abstract is defined as an abbreviated accurate representation of the contents of a document, preferably prepared by its author(s) for publication with it. Such abstracts are also useful in access [abstracting] publications and machine-readable databases".

4.1 Key-words: At the end of the abstract, list up to six key words that best describe the nature of the research. Because major words in the title are not used in the subject index, appropriate words from the title (or synonyms) should be listed as key words

5. Major headings are MATERIALS AND METHODS, RESULTS AND DISCUSSION, and REFERENCES
Major headings of review papers or papers from symposia may deviate from this standard for¬mat; however, all papers must contain an abstract, key words, and an introduction. Abbreviations should be avoided in headings.

5.1 The INTRODUCTORY part should be brief and limited to the statement of the importance of the study, problem or the aim of the experiment. And may briefly justify the research and specify the hypotheses to be tested. The review of literature should be pertinent to the problem. Objective of the study should be discussed in view of latest references. . Authorities for the latin binomial of every organism are not used in the title or summary, and only on the first mention in the main body of the text. Gene names and loci should be italic, proteins should be roman. Virus nomenclature (and acro¬nyms) should follow the guidelines of the International Committee on the Taxonomy of Viruses (ICTV). The current report is: van Regenmortel MHV, Fauquet CM, Bishop DHL (Eds) (2001) Virus Taxonomy: Seventh Report of the International Committee on Taxonomy Viruses. San Di¬ego: Academic Press. Authors are also advised to check the ITCV website for the latest informa¬tion. Biological nomenclature, as laid down in the Int ernational Code of Botanical Nomencla¬ture, the International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria, and the International Code of Zoologi¬cal Nomenclature should be followed. www.sp2000.org and fishbase.org websites may be checked for nomenclature. Chemical nomenclature should follow the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) definitive rules for nomenclature.No trade name should be used and Indus¬trial products should be referred to by their chemical names (give ingredients in parenthses) at first mention. In the absence of a common name, use the full name or a defined abbreviation, in preference to a trade name.In case of anatomy and surgery articles please follow Nomina Anato¬mica, Nomina Histologica, Nomina Embryologica, Nomina Anatomica Veterinaria, and Nomina Anatomica cvium for nomenclature.

5.2 Relevant details should be given of the animal, MATERIALS AND METHODS, in-cluing experimental design and the techniques employed. Where the methods are well known, the citation of a standard work is sufficient. All modifications of procedures must be explained. Experimental materials and statistical models should be described clearly and fully. Calculations and the validity of deductions made from them should be checked and validated by a statistician. When possible, results of similar experiments should be pooled statistically. Do not report a num¬ber of similar experiments separately. Units of measurement, symbols and standard abbrevia¬tions should conform to those recommended by the International Union of Bio-Chemi-stry (IUB) and the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC). Metric measure¬ments are preferred, and dosages should be expressed entirely in metric units (SI units). In exceptional circumstances, others may be used, provided they are consistent. Give the m ean-ing of all symbols immediately after the equation in which they are first used. Equations should be numbered serially at the right-hand side in parentheses. In general only equations explicitly referred to in the text need be numbered. The use of fractional powers instead of root signs is reco¬mended. Powers of e are often more conveniently denoted by exp. In chemical formulae, va-lence of ions should be given as, e.g. Ca2+, not as Ca++.Isotope numbers should precede the sym-bols, e.g. 18O. The repeated writing of chemical formulae in the text is to be avoided where reasona¬bly possible; instead, the name of the compound should be given in full. Exceptions may be made in the case of a very long name occurring very frequently or in the case of a compound being described as the end product of a gravimetric determination (e.g. phosphate as P2O5). Authors must certify that animals were cared for under guidelines comparable to those laid down by the Institutional Animal Ethics Committee.

5.3 The RESULTS AND DISCUSSION should preferably be combined to avoid repetition.

Results should be presented in tabular form and graphs when feasible but not both. The colour figures and plates, are printed when information would be lost if reproduced in black and white. Mean result with the relevant standard errors should be presented rather than detailed data. The data should be so arranged that the tables would fit in the normal layout of the page. Self- explana¬tory tables should be typed on separate sheets and carry appropriate titles. The tabular matter should not exceed 20% of the text. Any abbreviation used in a table must be defined in that table. Paginate the tables in series with the text. All tables should be cited in the text. If an explanation is necessary, use an abbreviation in the body of the table (e.g. ND) and explain clearly in footnotes what the abbreviation means. References to footnotes in a table are specified by superscript numbers, independently for each table. Superscript letters are used to designate statistical significance. Use a lower case p to indicate p robability values (i.e. p<0.05). In general, use numerals. When two numbers appear adjacent to each other, spell out the first (i.e. ten 2-day old chicks rather than 10 2-d old chicks). In a series using some numbers less than 10 and some more than 10 use numerals for all (i.e. 2 Holsteins, 6 Charolais and 15 Friesians). Do not begin a sentence with a numeral. Spell it out or rearrange the sentence. Abbreviate the terms hour (h), minute (min) and second (sec) when used with a number in the text but spell them out when they are used alone. Do not use a hyphen to indicate inclusiveness (e.g. use 12 to 14 mg or wk 3 and 4 not 12-14 mg or wk 3-4). Use Arabic numerals with abbreviated units of measure: 2 g, 5 d, $4.00, 3% and numerical designations in the text: exp 1, group 3, etc.

Author is required to submit high-resolution images, preferably with the initial submission but no later than revision stage. Electronic images (figures and schemes) must be at a minimum resolu-tion of 600 d.p.i. for line drawings (black and white) and 300 d.p.i. for colour or greyscale. Co-lour figures must be supplied in CMYK not RGB colours. Please ensure that the prepared elec-tronic image files print at a legible size (with lettering of at least 2 mm). A number of different file formats are acceptable, including: PowerPoint (.ppt), Tagged Image File Format (.tif), Encapsulated PostScript (.eps), Joint Photographic Experts Group (.jpg), Graph¬ics Interchange Format (.gif), Adobe Illustrator (.ai) (please save your files in Illustrator's EPS format), Portable Network Graphics (.png), Microsoft Word (.doc), Rich Text Format (.rtf), and Excel (.xls) but not Portable Document Format (PDF). Please ensure that the figure is clearly labelled with its figure number. Original artwork: If you are unable to submit electronic artwork, please provide two sets of all figures as high-quality glossy prints at the size that they are to appear in print. One set should be unlabelled. The text should explain or elaborate on the tabular data, but data should not be re-peated extensively within the text. Sufficient data, all with some index of variation attached, should be presented to allow the reader to interpret the results of the experiment. The discussion should interpret the results clearly and concisely in terms of biological mechanisms and should integrate literature results with the research findings to provide the reader with a broad base on which to accept or reject the hypotheses tested.

Results and references to tables and figures already described in the RESULTS section should not be repeated in the DISCUSSION section.

5.4 The DISCUSSION should relate to the limitations or advantage of the author's experiments in comparison with the work of others. Authors must obtain permission to reproduce any copy-right material, and include an acknowledgement of the source in their Article. They should be aware that the unreferenced use of the published and unpublished ideas, writing or illustrations of others, or submission of a complete paper under a new authorship in a different or the same language, is plagiarism.
The Conclusion section should not be of more than one paragraph after the discussion and ex-plain in general terms the implications of findings of this research on animal husbandry. Abbrevia¬tions, acronyms, or citations should not be used here.

Though some speculation is permitted, this section should also caution the reader against over extrapolation of results. For manuscripts with direct applications, this section will consist of an interpretive summary. If results have no implications, this should also be stated.

5.5 A recent issue of the journal should be consulted for the methods of citation of References in the text as well as at the end of the article. Reference citations in the text are typed as follows: Black (1971) or (Black 1971); Dickerson et al. (1974) or (Dickerson et al. 1974); Smith anJones (1977) or (Smith and Jones 1977). Groups of references cited in a sentence in the text must be listed in chronological order as in the previous sentence. REFERENCES lists should be typed in alphabetical order. The reference list should be first sorted alphabetically by author(s) and se¬condly chronologically.

For journal articles

Author(s), year. Title. Journal title (full name and in italics) volume number (bold): page-page.

Tyagi Praveen K, Tyagi Pramod K and Verma S V S. 1998. Effect of water soaking of wheat bran on phytase phosphorus autolysis and its feeding value to chicks. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 68 (5): 669-71.

For whole books

Author(s), year. Title .(Ed.).Edition if any, Number of pages. Publisher, address.

Mandal, A. B, Yadav A S, Johri T S and Pathak N N. 2004b. Nutrition and Disease Management of Poultry. International Book Distributing Agency, Charbagh, Lucknow.

For chapters from books Author(s), year. Title. book title, editors (editors), Publisher, address. Page-page.
Clark J A and McArthur A J. 1994. Thermal Exchanges. Livestock Housing.1edn, pp. 97-122. (Eds) Wathes C M and Charles D R. CAB INTERNATIONAL, Wallingford, UK.

For Symposium
Devegowda G, Raju M. V L N, Afzali N and Swamy H V L N. 1998. Mycotoxin picture world-wide: Novel solutions for their counteraction. Proceedings of 14th Alltech's Annual Symposium on Biotechnology in the Feed Industry. pp. 241-55. 5 May 1997. Bagalore.

Authors should ensure that all references in the text appear at the end of the paper and vice- versa, and that names and dates at the two places correspond.

6. All articles are sent to referees for SCRUTINY and authors should meet criticism by improving the article.

7. Papers should be TYPE-WRITIEN, and double-spaced throughout (including references and tables) with a 5 cm margin at the top, bottom and left-bottom and left-hand side. Article (including illustrations) should be sent after a careful check-up of typographical errors.

8. Please upload the plagiarism checking report of your manuscript as supplimentary file checked using popular software like iThenticate or Turnit-in.

9. Authors are requested consult The Council of Biology Editors Style Manual 7th edn, Ameri¬can Institute of Biological Sciences, Washington DC.

10. Proof-correction should be in ink, in the margin. All queries marked in the article should be answered. Proofs are supplied for a check-up of the correctness of type-setting and facts.

Excessive alteration may be charged to the authors. The proofs should be returned within 10 days.

11. Please click here to download article certificate and submit duly signed certificate in original by POST to the Editor, Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 520, Krishi Anusandhan Bhawan, Pusa, New Delhi -110012 or scanned copy may be attached online with article as supplementary file.

 

Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.

  1. The article has been seen by all the authors, who are satisfied with its form and content. The sequence of names of authors in the by-line is as per their relative contribution to this experiment, giving due credit to all scientists who made notable contribution to it.
  2. The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  3. This article was not submitted earlier in this journal for publishing. A plagiarism checking report of the manuscript is being uploaded as supplimentary file checked using popular software like iThenticate or Turnit-in.
  4. The submission file is in Microsoft Word file format. The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  5. Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  6. The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines, which is found in About the Journal.
  7. If submitting to a peer-reviewed section of the journal, the instructions in Ensuring a Blind Review have been followed.
  8. The address of the organization where the research was conducted is given in the by-line (changes of author’s address is given the footnote).
  9. The article is submitted soon after completion of the experiment.
  10. Short-communication from complete M. Sc. thesis/ part of Ph.D. thesis or article from experiment is being submitted. (in case of thesis, details are being provided in comments to editor column below).
  11. The article is not a clinical article or based on survey on developmental program or related to animal product preparation.
 

Copyright Notice

The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences vests with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, who has the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad engaged in reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information contained in these journals. The Council has no objection in using the material, provided the information is being utilized for academic purpose but not for commercial use.Due credit line should be given to the ICAR where information will be utilized.

 

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