Effect of dietary inclusion of full fat maize germ on carcass characteristics of broilers

Abstract views: 196 / PDF downloads: 50


  • LASNA SAHIB Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu 637 001 India
  • M R PURUSHOTHAMAN Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu 637 001 India
  • D CHANDRASEKARAN Veterinary College and Research Institute, Namakkal, Tamil Nadu 637 001 India



Broiler, Carcass characteristics, Feed, Full fat maize germ


This study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of dietary inclusion of full fat maize germ (FFMG) at different levels on the carcass characteristics of broilers. A feeding trial of 42 days consisting of 6 dietary treatments – 0 (control), 5, 10, 15 FFMG, 9 % defatted maize germ (DFMG) and 7 to 10 % of maize germ oil (MGO) was conducted. Eight birds per treatment were slaughtered and serum samples, liver, breast and thigh muscle tissue, abdominal fat pad, intestinal contents and left tibial bone were preserved at –20°C for analyses. Serum total and HDL cholesterol, muscle cholesterol, liver and muscle lipid content were analyzed, and characterization of muscle fat and abdominal fat was done. Cooking loss of breast meat was determined. Intestinal lipase activity and bone ash including Ca and P were estimated. Muscle lipid content, iodine number and saponification number of breast meat fat and abdominal fat, per cent cooking loss of breast meat, serum total and HDL cholesterol, muscle cholesterol, intestinal lipase activity and bone ash content of birds fed different levels of FFMG were comparable with control. The percentage of linoleic acid and total PUFA increased linearly with increasing level of FFMG. Calcium % in birds fed FFMG was significantly higher than the control. The results indicated that the inclusion of FFMG at 5 to 15 % does not have any adverse effect on the carcass characteristics of broilers.


Download data is not yet available.


AOAC. 2000. Official Methods of Analysis. 17th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington, DC.

Atteh J O and Leeson S. 1983. Effect of dietary fatty acids and calcium levels on performance and mineral metabolism of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 62 (12): 2412–19. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0622412

Atteh J O, Leeson S and Julian R J. 1983. Effects of dietary levels and types of fat on performance and mineral metabolism of broiler chicks. Poultry Science 62 (12): 2403–11. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0622403

Boutwell Jr. J A. 1962. Clinical Chemical Laboratory Manual Methods. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia.

Crespo N and Esteve-Garcia E. 2003. Polyunsaturated fatty acids reduce insulin and very low-density lipoprotein levels in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 82 (7): 1134–39. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/82.7.1134

Duncan D B. 1955. Multiple range and multiple ‘F’ test. Biometrics 11: 1–42. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/3001478

Folch J, Lees M and Stanley G H S. 1957. A simple method for isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry 226: 497–509. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)64849-5

Forman L P and Schneeman B O. 1980. Effects of dietary pectin and fat on the small intestinal contents and exocrine pancreas of rats. Journal of Nutrition 110 (10): 1992–99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/110.10.1992

Hulan H W and Bird F H. 1972. Effect of fat level in isonitrogenous diets on the composition of avian pancreatic juice. Journal of Nutrition 102 (4): 459–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/102.4.459

Lasna Sahib. 2006. ‘Feeding value of maize germ for broilers.’ M.V.Sc. Thesis. Tamil Nadu Veterinary and Animal Sciences University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Ling W H and Jones P J. 1995. Dietary phytosterols: a review of metabolism, benefits and side effects. Life Sciences 57 (3): 195–206. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/0024-3205(95)00263-6

Loliger J. 1989. Natural Antioxidants. Rancidity in Foods. 2nd edn, pp. 105–123. (Eds) Allen J C and Hamilton R J. Elsevier Science Publishers Ltd., New York.

Mitsumoto M, Arnold R N, Schaefer D M and Cassens R G. 1995. Dietary vitamin E supplementation shifted weight loss from drip loss to cooking loss in fresh beef longissimus during display. Journal of Animal Sciences 73 (8): 2289–94. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2527/1995.7382289x

Ostlund R E, Racette S B, Okeke A and Stenson W F. 2002. Phytosterols that are naturally present in commercial corn oil significantly reduce cholesterol absorption in humans. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 75 (6): 1000–04. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ajcn/75.6.1000

Pearson A M and Dutson T R. 1994. Quality Attributes and their Measurement in Meat, Poultry and Fish products. Vol. 9. Blackie Academic and Professional, Glasgow, UK. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2167-9

Pinchasov Y and Nir I. 1992. Effect of dietary polyunsaturated fatty acid concentration on performance, fat deposition and carcass fatty acid composition in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 71 (9): 1504–12. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0711504

Sanz M, Flores A and Lopez-Bote C J. 2000. The metabolic use of energy from dietary fat in broilers is affected by fatty acid saturation. British Poultry Science 41 (1): 61–68. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/00071660086411

Snedecor G W and Cochran W G. 1989. Statistical Methods. 8th edn. Iowa State university press, Ames, USA.

Tahira R, Ata-ur-Rehman and Muhammad Anwar Butt. 2007. Characterization of rice bran oil. Journal of Agricultural Research 45 (3): 225–30.

Valencia M E, Watkins S E and Waldroup A L. 1993. Utilization of crude and refined palm and palm kernel oil in broiler diets. Poultry Science 72 (12): 2200–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3382/ps.0722200

Wang Y, Sunwoo H, Cherian G and Sim J S. 2000. Fatty acid determination in chicken egg yolk: A comparison of different methods. Poultry Science 79 (8): 1168–71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/ps/79.8.1168

Wybenga D R, Pileggi V J, Dirstine P H and Giorgio J D. 1970. Direct manual determination of serum total cholesterol with a single stable reagent. Clinical Chemistry 16 (12): 980–84. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/clinchem/16.12.980









How to Cite

SAHIB, L., PURUSHOTHAMAN, M. R., & CHANDRASEKARAN, D. (2014). Effect of dietary inclusion of full fat maize germ on carcass characteristics of broilers. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 84(7), 779–782. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v84i7.42123