Identifying sustainable rice cultivation zones in India: the implications of the crop water footprint


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Authors

  • Prem Chand
  • Sulakshana Rao
  • Rajni Jain
  • Suresh Pal

Keywords:

Crop water use, blue water, water footprint, water productivity, sustainability

Abstract

This paper examines the water footprint of rice in the agroclimatic zones (ACZ) in India and identifies the sustainable rice-growing zones. The major rice-producing ACZs of the irrigated northwestern and semi-arid tropics are unsustainable. Rice can be cultivated sustainably in eastern, central, and (the coastal zones of) western India, because the water footprint is lower, and it can be lowered even more because the crop yield is very low. The study suggests that, based on the water availability and footprint, the cropping pattern in the ACZs needs to be realigned.

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Submitted

2023-08-10

Published

2023-08-10

How to Cite

Identifying sustainable rice cultivation zones in India: the implications of the crop water footprint. (2023). Agricultural Economics Research Review, 33(2), 147-160. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/AERR/article/view/140605