Evaluation of Vanaraja female line chicken for growth, production, carcass and egg quality traits


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Authors

  • U RAJKUMAR ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030 India
  • L L L PRINCE ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030 India
  • S HAUNSHI ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030 India
  • C PASWAN ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030 India
  • B L N REDDY ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana 500 030 India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v90i4.104212

Keywords:

Body weight, Egg mass, Egg production, Heritability, PD-2 line

Abstract

Vanaraja female line (PD-2) chicken was evaluated for growth, production, carcass and egg quality traits utilizing the data generated from 3,737 chicks and 599 hens produced in pedigreed mating with 50 sires and 250 dams at ICAR-Directorate of Poultry Research, Hyderabad, Telangana. Fertility was 86.63% and the hatchability was 86.72% on fertile egg set and 72.53% on total egg set basis in PD-2 line. The least squares means (LSM) for six week body weight and shank length were 662.38±2.54 g and 71.48±0.12 mm, respectively. Sex had significant influence on live weight, thigh and wing proportions wherein cocks had heavier and stronger legs and wings. Abdominal fat was significantly higher in females. The egg production up to 40 and 52 weeks of age was 80.29±0.03 and 133.16±0.05 eggs, respectively. The egg mass up to 52 weeks of age was 7447.41±2.98 g in PD-2 line. The heritability was low up to 15% for egg production and 17% for egg mass, the primary trait of selection in PD-2 line. Egg mass and egg weights at different ages had positive association as larger and high number of eggs contributed more to the egg mass. The egg mass and egg production had a significant positive association in PD-2 line. The egg quality was reasonably fair with average shape index of 75.22 and Haugh unit of 79.0±0.62. The albumen, yolk and shell weights were 30.20±0.14, 15.8±0.09, 0.40±0.02 g, respectively. The proportion of heritability and the magnitude of association between the important traits provide requisite information for implementing the breeding program for improvement of egg production in PD-2 line.

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2020-09-01

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2020-09-01

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RAJKUMAR, U., PRINCE, L. L. L., HAUNSHI, S., PASWAN, C., & REDDY, B. L. N. (2020). Evaluation of Vanaraja female line chicken for growth, production, carcass and egg quality traits. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 90(4), 603-609. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v90i4.104212
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