Effect of different combinations of probiotic, chicory root powder and coriander seed powder on growth, carcass, immunity, serum parameters and economics of broilers
Keywords:Body weight, Coriander seed powder, Immunity, ND titers, Probiotic, Serum cholesterol
The trial was undertaken in a completely randomized design to to evaluate the synergistic effect of probiotic (Pro), chicory root powder (CRP) and coriander seed powder (CSP) on the performance of broiler chicken. A total of 240 day-old broiler chicks were randomly allotted to six dietary treatments with 8 replicates of 5 birds in each. Treatment groups included T1 as control, i.e. basal diet (BD) without any growth promoter and T2 - BD + antibiotic (BMD @ 500 gm/ton). In the remaining experimental diets, T3 - pro (@ 10 gm/100 kg) + CRP (@ 1.0%), T4 - pro (@ 10 gm/100 kg) + CSP (@ 1.5%), T5 - CRP (@ 1.0%) + CSP (@ 1.5%) and T6 - pro (@ 10 gm/100 kg) + CRP (@ 1.0%) + CSP (@ 1.5%). The results revealed that supplementation of pro + CRP significantly increased the body weight gain during prestarter, starter and finisher phase and improved the feed conversion ratio during finisher phase compared to other treatment groups. Supplementation of different dietary groups did not show any significant effect on feed intake and various slaughter parameters of broilers. Whereas, the humoral immune response to ND vaccine and immune organ weights were significantly higher in all the test diets (T3 to T6) compared to control and antibiotic groups. Supplementation of probiotic with chicory combination group significantly reduced the serum total cholesterol and recorded higher returns over feed cost compared to other treatment groups. It can be concluded that combination of probiotic (10 g) with chicory root powder (1.0%) proved more effective than combinations of other additives.
Alam and Ferdaushi. 2018. Use of probiotics instead of antibiotics in broiler production. Progressive Agriculture 29(4): 359–70.
Al-Khalaifa H, Al-Nasser A, Al-Surayee T, Al-Kandari S, Al- Enzi N, Al-Sharrah T, Ragheb G, Al-Qalaf S and Mohammed A. 2019. Effect of dietary probiotics and prebiotics on the performance of broiler chickens. Poultry Science 10: 1–15.
Ashayerizadeh A, Dabiri N, Ashayerizadeh O, Mirzadeh K H, Roshanfekr H and Mamooee M. 2009. Effect of dietary antibiotic, probiotic and prebiotic as a growth promoter, on growth performance, carcass charecteristics and haematological indices of broiler chickens. Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences 12: 52–57.
Barbara M S, Nebojsa I, Alexander P and Ilya R. 2007. 2004. Effects of Lactobacilli and an acidophilic fungus on the production performance and immune responses in broiler chickens. Poultry Science 83(5): 788–95.
Huyghebaert G, Ducatelle R and Van Immerseel F. 2011. An update on alternatives to antimicrobial growth promoters for broilers. Veterinary Journal 187: 182–88.
Izadi H, Javad A, Golian A and Raji M R. 2013. Effects of chicory root powder on growth performance and histomorphometry of jejunum in broiler chicks. Veterinary Research Forum 4(3): 169–74.
Kabir S M L, Rahman M M, Rahman, M B, Hosain M Z, Akand M S I and Das S K. 2005. Viability of probiotics in balancing intestinal flora and effecting histological changes of crop and caecal tissues of broilers. Biotechnology 4: 325–30.
Karwan Y K, Teck C L, Hooi L F, Henny A and Anjas A S. 2016. Effects of dietary postbiotic and inulin on growth performance, IGF1 and GHR mRNA expression, faecal microbiota and volatile fatty acids in broilers. Bio Medical Central Veterinary Research 12: 163.
Kirkpinar F, Açıkgöz Z, Mert S and Işık Ö. 2018. Effects of dietary probiotic, prebiotic and enzyme mixture supplementation on performance, carcass, organ, ileal pH and viscosity of broilers. Journal of Animal Production 59(2): 1–9.
Naeemasa M, Qotbi A A A, Seidavi A, Norri D, Brown D and Ginindza M. 2015. Effects of coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) seed powder and extract on performance of broiler chickens. South African Journal of Animal Science 45(4): 125–31.
Nurmi E and Rantala M. 1973. New aspects of Salmonella infection in broiler production. Nature 241: 210–11.
Osfar S, Eko W, Halim N, Fatmaoctavia S and Riany G S. 2019. Effect of prebiotic and immunowall® as feed additive in enzyme activity, intestinal characteristic, and broiler performance. International Journal of Food Science and Agriculture 3(4): 292–98.
Panda A K, Rao S V R, Reddy M R and Praharaj N K. 1999. Effect of dietary inclusion of probiotic on growth, carcass traits and immune response in broilers. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 34: 343–46.
Praveen T, Munegowda T, Indresh H C and Jayanaik. 2017. Effect of supplementation of various levels of inulin on growth performance, carcass characteristics and survivability in raja II broilers. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(9): 1470–75.
Rajeshwari U and Andallu B. 2011. Medicinal benefits of coriander (Coriandrum sativum). Spatula 1: 51–58.
Ray B C, Chowdhury S D and Khatun A. 2019. Productive performance and cost effectiveness of broiler using three different probiotics in the diet. Bangladesh Journal Animal Sciences 48(2): 85–91.
Reddy N B C, Srinivas K D, Raja K K and Kumari N R K. 2019. Effect of dietary incorporation of coriander seed meal on production performance of Japanese quail. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 36(2):198-201.
Rout S K, Pradhan C R, Rath R, Panda N, Panigrahi, B and Pati, P K. 2016. Influence of probiotics and acidifier supplementation on growth, carcass characteristics and economics of feeding in broilers. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 33(1): 97–101.
Sanja J P, Ljiljana M K, Nikola M P, Jovanka D L, Olivera M D, Bojana M K, Ivana S C and Marina V V. 2015. Effect of synbiotic on growth and antioxidant status of blood in broiler chicken. Food and Feed Research 42(2): 163–69.
Silva F, Ferreira S, Queiroz J A and Fernanda C D. 2011. Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) essential oil: its antibacterial activity and mode of action evaluated by flow cytometry. Journal of Medical Microbiology 60: 1479–86.
Szakacs R A, Sorona M, Laura S, Rekha S and Andrian M. 2015. The impact of pre and probiotic on growing performance and haematological parameters in ross 708 broiler chickens. Bulletin UASVM Veterinary Medicine 72(2): 330–35.
Taha A E, Saber S H, Ramadan S S, Ahmed A E, Mohamed E A, Hussein E, Islam M S, Ayman A S and Mohamed A E. 2019. Effects of supplementing broiler diets with coriander seed powder on growth performance, blood haematology, ileum microflora and economic efficiency. Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition 6: 1–10.
Taherpour K, Moravej H, Shivazad M, Adibmoradi M and Yakhchali B. 2009. Effects of dietary probiotic, prebiotic and butyric acid glycerides on performance and serum composition in broiler chickens. African Journal of Biotechnology 8(10): 2329–34.
Utami M M D and Wahyono N D. 2019. Supplementation of probiotic and prebiotic on the performance of broilers. Earth and Environmental Science 207: 1–6.
Wegmann T G and Smithies O. 1966. A simple hemagglutination system requiring small amounts of red cells and antibodies. Transfusion 6(1): 67–73.
Yousfi Z, Kazemi F M, Rezaei M and Ansari P Z. 2017. Effect of chicory extract and probiotic on performance, caracas characteristics, blood parameters, intestinal microflora and immune response of broiler chickens. Iranian Journal of Animal Science Research 2(9): 185–95.
Yusrizal and Chen T C. 2003. Effect of adding chicory fructans in feed on faecal and intestinal microflora and excretory volatile ammonia. International Journal of Poultry Science 2(3): 188– 94.
The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences is vested with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, which reserves the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad, for reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information. The Council has no objection to using the material, provided the information is not being utilized for commercial purposes and wherever the information is being used, proper credit is given to ICAR.