Application of anatomically contoured intramedullary interlocking nailing for fixation of femoral diaphyseal fractures in dogs

Authors

  • SAKSHI SAKSHI CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India
  • S P TYAGI CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India
  • AMIT KUMAR CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India
  • ADARSH KUMAR CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India
  • SUKHPREET SINGH CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India
  • ARVIND KUMAR CSK Himachal Pradesh Krishi Vishvavidyalaya, Palampur, Himachal Pradesh 176 062 India

Keywords:

Diaphyseal, Dog, Femur, Fracture, Interlock nailing, Intramedullary

Abstract

The study was conducted on 10 client-owned dogs of either sex presented for fixation of femoral diaphyseal fractures. After thorough clinical, orthopaedic and radiographic examinations, the patients were subjected to application of specially-designed anatomically contoured intramedullary interlocking nailing (ACIILN) for fixation of fractures. All the fractures were closed and involved mid (n=9) to slightly distal (n=1) diaphysis. The diameter of used ACIILN ranged from 5–7 mm and the length from 11–15 cm. All the ACIILN were applied in static fashion with at least 2 screws each in both proximal and distal fracture fragments. The duration of surgery for application of ACIILN ranged from 35–75 min. The technique was found to be moderately difficult with extent of tissue manipulation in the category of low to moderate. Pain and inflammation decreased gradually in all the cases in an anticipated manner.With gradual improvement in weight-bearing capability, the limb function was restored in all cases quiet fast in the postoperative period. More amount of the callus formed over medial and caudal surfaces indicating less amount of stability at these surfaces. Anatomically contoured intramedullary interlocking nailing technique provided clinically viable fracture fixation technique resulting into early limb function.

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Published

2022-03-15

How to Cite

SAKSHI, S., TYAGI, S. P., KUMAR, A., KUMAR, A., SINGH, S., & KUMAR, A. (2022). Application of anatomically contoured intramedullary interlocking nailing for fixation of femoral diaphyseal fractures in dogs. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 92(3). Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJAnS/article/view/122254

Issue

Section

Review Article