Antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing mastitis among cattle


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Authors

  • RAHUL YADAV Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India
  • PANKAJ KUMAR Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India
  • ANAND PRAKASH Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India
  • VANDNA BHANOT Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India
  • PAWANJIT SINGH CHEEMA Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India
  • NARESH JINDAL Lala Lajpat Rai University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Hisar, Haryana 125 001 India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i9.127834

Keywords:

Antibiogram, Cattle, Mastitis, Pathogens

Abstract

The present study was carried out to detect mastitis in cattle milk samples and sensitive antibiotics for therapeutic uses. Milk samples from cattle (n = 1649) were tested for detection of mastitis by white side test (n = 1314) and culture examination (n = 335). Overall, 79.8% and 96.72% milk samples were positive by white side test and culture examination, respectively. Clinical mastitis and sub clinical mastitis were detected in 16.55% and 83.44% samples, respectively on the basis of presence of any clinical signs in milk or udder of animal. Gram-positive and gramnegative organisms were detected in 99.38% and 45.34% of the samples, respectively. Mixed infection of both was detected in 38.88% samples. More than 74% of both gram-positive and gram-negative isolates were found sensitive
against enrofloxacin and chloramphenicol followed by amikacin (69.44%), gentamicin (68.73%), moxifloxacin (67.87%) and levofloxacin (61.73%). Organisms were detected as multidrug resistant (MDR) organisms depending upon their MAR index value.

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Submitted

2022-09-08

Published

2023-09-13

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How to Cite

YADAV, R., KUMAR, P., PRAKASH, A., BHANOT, V., CHEEMA, P. S., & JINDAL, N. (2023). Antibiogram of bacterial pathogens causing mastitis among cattle. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 93(9), 858–864. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i9.127834
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