The Ovulatory response of Beef and Dairy cows subjected to two follicular emergence synchronization protocols before superovulation


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Authors

  • M A GONZÁLEZ–RAMOS Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
  • O ÁNGEL–GARCÍA Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
  • F G VELIZ–DÉRAS Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
  • L R GAYTÁN–ALEMÁN Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
  • J M GUILLEN–MUÑOZ Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9273-8931
  • A SOLÍS CORRALES Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, University of Panama, Chiriquia, Panama
  • H Z GUERRERO–GALLEGO Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico
  • J L MORALES–CRUZ Autonomous Agrarian University Antonio Narro UL, Torreón, Coahuila, Mexico https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9118-7290

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i2.128293

Keywords:

Biotechnology, Cattle, Embryo transfer, Embryos, Superovulation

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the superovulation response of Beef and Dairy donor cows to two different
follicular emergence synchronization protocols. Twenty-two beef and dairy cows were divided into two groups viz.
Conventional group (n=8) having four Holsteins and four Charolais cows between days 10 and 11 of their estrous
cycle and IVD+EB group (n=14) with six Holsteins and eight Charolais cows treated with an intravaginal device (IVD) containing 1.9 g of P4 + 2 mg of estradiol benzoate (EB) between days 10 and 11 of their estrous cycle. The superovulation protocol consisted of intramuscular application of FSHp twice a day for four days, in decreasing doses (850 IU for Dairy cows and 500 IU for Beef cows). The number of follicles (13±1.1 vs. 7.5±0.9) and embryos
collected (11.7±2.1 vs 6.1±1.0) were significantly affected by the treatment in the Beef cows but, the protocols did
not significantly affect these variables in Dairy cows (12.2±0.9 vs 10.4±0.7, respectively). Regarding the production
of non-viable embryos, a significant difference was only found in the group of Beef cows for both treatments (8.2±2.3 vs. 1.3±0.3, respectively). Results showed that IVD+EB is not necessary for the superstimulation of the emergence of a new follicular wave before superovulation when it starts in the mid-luteal phase of the estrous cycle in Holstein cows and beef cows, since they had similar results without significant differences between both treatments.

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Submitted

2022-09-22

Published

2023-03-09

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How to Cite

GONZÁLEZ–RAMOS, M. A., ÁNGEL–GARCÍA, O., VELIZ–DÉRAS, F. G., GAYTÁN–ALEMÁN, L. R., GUILLEN–MUÑOZ, J. M., CORRALES, A. S., GUERRERO–GALLEGO, H. Z., & MORALES–CRUZ, J. L. (2023). The Ovulatory response of Beef and Dairy cows subjected to two follicular emergence synchronization protocols before superovulation. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 93(2), 153–157. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i2.128293
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