Financial viability of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) control programme (PPR-CP) implemented in Madhya Pradesh, India


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Authors

  • GOVINDARAJ GURRAPPA NAIDU ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • BALAMURUGAN VINAYAGAMURTHY ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • JAYANT TAPASE AICRP on Animal Disease Monitoring and Survelliance Centre, State Animal Disease Investigation Laboratory, Jahangirabad, Bhopal
  • NAGEEN VERMA ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • BARADA SHANKAR MOHANTY ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • NAVEEN KUMAR ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • BIBEK RANJAN SHOME ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India
  • PARIMAL ROY ICAR-National Institute of Veterinary Epidemiology and Disease Informatics, Yelahanka, Bengaluru, Karnataka 560 064 India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i11.141446

Keywords:

Incremental Benefit Cost Ratio (IBCR), Madhya Pradesh, PPR-Control programme (PPR-CP), PPR Incidence

Abstract

Madhya Pradesh (MP) state in India had practiced focussed vaccination against Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) from 2006-07 to 2015-16 and adopted PPR-Control Programme (PPR-CP) with 100% coverage during first year followed by 30% bi-annual vaccination for two years since 2016-17. This study evaluated the impact of PPR-CP using secondary data and cross-sectional survey data collected from 410 and 340 flocks before (during 2015-16, survey-I) and after PPR-CP implementation (during 2018-19, survey-II), respectively. Besides the incidence and disease cost, Incremental Benefit Cost Ratio (IBCR) was calculated to assess the financial viability of PPR- CP implementation in MP state under actual vaccination coverage after PPR-CP (scenario-I) and as per defined PPR-CP strategy (scenario-II). The number of PPR affected flocks declined significantly from 14.9% to 4.6% and the disease incidence declined from 27.5% to 10.2% in sheep and 18.8% to 0.64% in goats, in survey-I and II, respectively. The projected loss before and after PPR-CP was ` 3260 million (` 326 crore) and ` 476 million (` 47.6 crore), respectively. Financial viability of PPR-CP revealed an IBCR of 69.8:1 and 39.4:1 under scenario-I and II, respectively. Estimated incremental benefits outweighed the incremental cost in both vaccination scenarios, however, as per current vaccination plan (scenario-I), no fresh cases were reported for two years following PPR-CP, but reoccurred during 2019-20, as the state did not comply with PPR-CP Strategy. Therefore, selecting the right vaccination strategy and its diligent implementation may aid in eradicating PPR by 2030 in India in line with PPR global strategy.

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Submitted

2023-08-25

Published

2023-10-31

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Section

Articles

How to Cite

NAIDU, G. G., VINAYAGAMURTHY, B., TAPASE, J., VERMA, N., MOHANTY, B. S., KUMAR, N., SHOME, B. R., & ROY, P. (2023). Financial viability of Peste des Petits Ruminants (PPR) control programme (PPR-CP) implemented in Madhya Pradesh, India. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 93(11), 1040–1045. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v93i11.141446
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