Characterization, performance and genetic diversity among goats of Odisha


Abstract views: 413 / PDF downloads: 57

Authors

  • N K VERMA Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India
  • PRIYANKA MISHRA Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India
  • R A K AGGARWAL Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India
  • S P DIXIT Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India
  • P S DANGI Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India
  • S K DASH Principal Scientist, National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal, Haryana 132 001 India

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i2.46609

Keywords:

Characterization, Genetic diversity, Goats, Odisha

Abstract

Phenotypic and biometric characterization was carried out of local goat populations of Odisha. The populations included Ganjam, Kalahandi, Ghumusar, Narayanpatnam, Raigarhi and Malkangiri goats. Ganjam goats are distinctly different from other populations because of long pointed horns. The body measurements of adult (12 months) males for heart girth, height at withers, body length, and paunch girth were measured. The coat colour of goats was recorded. The average body length, body height, chest girth, paunch girth, face length, horn length, ear length and tail length in adult female and male were measured. The biometric estimates for height at withers, body length, chest girth, paunch girth, face length, horn length, ear length and tail length indicated the average measurements. Genetic Biodiversity study includes 192 individuals of goats belonging to two recognized (Ganjam and Black Bengal) breeds and 2 lesser known goat populations (Kalahandi and Ghumusar) genotyped for a battery of 25 microsatellites. The number of observed allele for each locus ranged from 2.00 to 21.00. The highest number of allele was observed for locus OarFCB304 for Ganjam goat breed and lowest number of allele was observed for locus ETH225 for Kalahandi goat population. Polymorphic Information Content (PIC) value and bottleneck analysis were studied. Ghumusar and Kalahandi have the highest genetic distance (1.996) from the others and Ganjam and Black Bengal have minimum (0.346) genetic distance. In the neighbor joining diagram. the Ghumusar and Kalahandi goat populations plots separately from the other breeds/populations.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Dash S K, Patro B N, Sahu B K, Verma N K, Rao P K, Singh P K, Singh G and Ahlawat S P S. 2006. Goat Genetic Resources of India - Ganjam. A Monograph. National Bureau of Animal genetic Resources, Karnal and Orissa Veterinary college, OUAT, Bhubneshwar.

Dixit S P, Verma N K, Aggarwal R A K, Vyas M K, Rana Jyoti and Sharma Anurodh. 2012. Genetic Diversity and relationship among Indian goat breeds based on microsatellite markers. Small Ruminant Research 105 : 38–45. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.smallrumres.2011.11.026

th Livestock Census. 2012. Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan. N. Delhi.

th Livestock Census. 2012. Ministry of Agriculture, Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying and Fisheries, Krishi Bhawan, N. Delhi.

Mishra Priyanka, Ayesha S Ali, Dixit S P, Aggarwal R, Dangi A K, P S, Tyagi Neha, Dash S K and Verma N K. 2013. Microsatellite based genetic evaluation of Ghumusar goats of Odisha. India, AGRI 52: 59–64. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S2078633612000811

NBAGR Profile. 2014. National Bureau of Animal Genetic Resources, Karnal

Patro B N, Nayak S, Rao P K and Panda P. 2007. Genetic studies of Ghumusar goats of Odisha. Indian Journal of Animal Breeding and Genetics 27: 12–16

Rao P K, Dash S K, Patro B N and Nayak S.2002. Studies on Ganjam, Black Bengal goats and their crosses found in Odisha. Indian Journal of Animal Production and Management 18: 135–38

Rao P K, Dash S K, Singh M K, Rai B and Singh NP.2009. Ganjam goat of Orissa and its management practices. Indian Journal of Small Ruminants 15 (1): 44–50.

Sambrook J, Fritsch E F and Maniatis T. 1989. Molecular Cloning: A Laboratory Manual. New York, Cold Spring, Harbor Press.

Verma N K, Dixit S P, Dangi P S, Aggarwal R A K, Kumar Subodh and Joshi B K. 2009. Malabari goats: Characterization, management, performance and genetic variability. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 79(8): 813 –18

Verma N K, Dixit S P, Aggarwal R A K, Dangi P S and Joshi B K. 2010 Phenotypic and Genetic Characterization of Sangamneri goat breed. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 80(11): 1109– 14.

Verma N K, Aggarwa1 R A K, Dixit S P, Kawitkar V S, Dangi P S, Kaur Navneet, Prtiyanka Mishra and Joshi B K 2012. Konkan Kanyal – Characters and performance of a newly discovered goat germplasm of Maharashtra state. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 82(9): 1079–81.

Downloads

Submitted

2015-02-16

Published

2015-02-16

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

VERMA, N. K., MISHRA, P., AGGARWAL, R. A. K., DIXIT, S. P., DANGI, P. S., & DASH, S. K. (2015). Characterization, performance and genetic diversity among goats of Odisha. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(2), 165–171. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i2.46609
Citation