Nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of alternative plant feed ingredients for fish feed formulation


Abstract views: 324 / PDF downloads: 80

Authors

  • N PARANAMANA Research Assistant, University of Ruhuna, Matara 81 000 Sri Lanka
  • K RADAMPOLA Senior lecturer, Department of Fisheries and Aquaculture, University of Ruhuna, Matara 81 000 Sri Lanka
  • V P BULUGAHAPITIYA Professor, Department of Chemistry, University of Ruhuna

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i2.46619

Keywords:

Anti nutrient analysis, Crude lipid, Crude protein, Plant based ingredients

Abstract

The present study evaluates the importance of plant materials as alternative feed ingredients for fish feed preparation. Commonly available plant materials i.e., sweet potato leaf meal, banana leaf meal, soybean leaf meal, salvinia leaf meal, papaw leaf meal, gliricidia leaf meal, habarala leaf meal and jack seed powder were subjected to proximate analysis and mineral analysis. Anti-nutrients such as saponin, phytic acid, cyanide and tannin were also analyzed. The crude protein content of the ingredients was ranged from 9.66 to 29.32 g/ 100 g and the crude lipid contents were recorded as 0.8 to 11.6 g/100 g. Crude fiber contents were between 2.2 and 53.05 g/100 g and ash contents ranged from 5.21 to 19.24 g/100 g. The ingredients had trace amounts of Na, K and P which ranged between 0.49 to 2.71 g/100 g. All the tested ingredients contained saponin (0.79 to 5.58 g/100 g), phytic acid (0.07 to 0.81 g/100 g), cyanide (10.82 to 24.17 mg/100 g) and tannin (2.19 to 9.04 g/100 g). The present study revealed that above ingredients contained nutrients in appreciable amounts and anti- nutrients in low levels and could be used for fish feed preparation. Further studies are needed to find the effect of those ingredients on fish growth.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

AOAC. 1980. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.

AOAC. 1990. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.

AOAC. 1995. Official Methods of Analysis. 15th edn. Association of Official Analytical Chemists. Washington, DC.

Becker K and Makkar H P S. 1999. Effects of dietary tannic acid and quebracho tannin on growth performance and metabolic rates of common carp (Cyprinus carpio L.). Aquaculture 175: 327–35. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00106-4

Bhosale S V, Bhilave M P and Nadaf S B. 2010. Formulation of Fish Feed using Ingredients from Plant Sources. Research Journal of Agricultural Sciences 1(3): 284–87.

Craig S and Helfrich L. 2009. Understanding Fish Nutrition, Feeds, and Feeding. Cooperative Extension Service.

Publication 420–256. Website: http://pubs.ext.vt.edu/420–256/ Davies R H. 1991. Cyanogens. D’Mello F P J, Duffus C M, Duffus J H.(Eds.), Toxic Substances in Crop Plants. The Royal Society of Chemistry, Thomas Graham House, Science Park, Cambridge CB44WF, Cambridge, pp. 202–25.

Delbert M. Gatlin III. 2010. Principles of Fish Nutrition. Southern Regional Aquaculture Center. SRAC Publication No. 5003.

De Silva S S and Anderson T A. 1995. Fish Nutrition in Aquaculture. 1st edn. Chapman and Hall, 2–6, Boundry Row, London, SE 1 8HN, UK.

FAO. 2013. Aquaculture Feed and Fertilizer Resource Atlas of the Philippines. Food and Agriculture organization of the United Nations.

Folch J, Lees M and Stanley G H S. 1957. A simple method for the isolation and purification of total lipids from animal tissues. Journal of Biological Chemistry 226: 497–509. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0021-9258(18)64849-5

Francis G, Harinder P S and Makkar K B. 2001. Anti nutritional factors present in plant-derived alternate fish feed ingredients and their effects in fish. Aquaculture 199: 197–227. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(01)00526-9

Jeffery G H, Bassett J, Mendham J and Denney R C. 1989. Vogel’s text book of Quantitative Analysis. 5th edn. New York, U.S.A.

Lucas G M and Markakas P. 1975. Phytic acid and other phosphorous compounds of bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). Journal of Agriculture Education Chemistry 23: 13–15. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1021/jf60197a016

Mahamud N A, Minar M H, Hasan M D R and Hossain M B. 2012. Proximate composition of fish feed ingredients available in Lakshmipur region, Bangladesh. American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture & Environmental Science 12 (5): 556– 60.

Maisarah A M, Asmah R and Fauziah O. 2014. Proximate analysis, antioxidant and antiproliferative activities of different parts of Carica Papaya. Journal of Nutrition and Food Sciences 4 (2).

Makkar H P S, Blümmel M, Borowy N K and Becker K. 1993. Gravimetric determination of tannins and their correlations with chemical and protein precipitation methods. Journal of Science Food Agriculture 61: 161–65. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.2740610205

Munguti J, Liti D, Waidbacher H, Straif M and Zollitsch W. 2006. Proximate composition of selected potential feedstuffs for Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus Linnaeus) production in Kenya, Die Bodenkultur, 57. Band, Heft 1–4, 2006.

Munguti J M, Charo-Karisa H, Opiyo M A, Ogello E O, Marijani E, Nzayisenga L and Liti D M. 2012. Nutritive value and availability of commonly used feed ingredients for farmed Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) and African catfish (Clarsis gariepinus,Burchell) in Kenya, Ruwanda and Tanzania. African journal of food 12: ISSN 1684 5374. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18697/ajfand.51.11085

NRC. 1993. National Research Council. Nutrient Requirement of Fish. National Academy Press, Washington, DC, pp: 114.

Obadoni B O and Ochuko P O. 2001. Phytochemical studies and Comparative efficacy of the crude extracts of some homeostatic plants in Edo and Delta States of Nigeria. Global Journal of Pure Applied Science. 8: 203–08. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4314/gjpas.v8i2.16033

Oduro I, Ellis W O and Owusu D. 2008. Nutritional potential of two leafy vegetables: Moringa oleifera and Ipomoea batatas leaves. Scientific Research and Essay. 3 (2), pp. 057–060.

Regost C, Arzel J and Kaushik S J. 1999. Partial or total replacement of fish meal by corn gluten meal in diet for turbot, Psetta maxima. Aquaculture 180: 90–117. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0044-8486(99)00026-5

Shang Y C. 1992. The Role of Aquaculture in the World Fisheries. World Fisheries Congress, Athens, Greece, May 3–8, 30pp

Soltan M A, Hanafy M A and Wafa M I A. 2008. Effect of replacing a mixture of plant protein sources in Nile Tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus L.) diets. Global Veterinaria 2 (4): 157–64

Watanabe T, Aoki H, Viyakarn V, Maita M, Yamagata Y, Satoh S and Takeuchi T. 1995. Combined use of alternative protein sources as a partial replacement for fish meal in a newly developed soft-dry pellet for yellowtail, Suisan Zoshoku 43: 511–20.

Wickramasekara N, Gamage K R and Hirimuthugoda N. 2011. Use of sweet potato leaves, Ipomoea batatas L. (Lam.), as a protein feed stuff in practical diets for guppy. In: Proceedings of International Symposium on Agriculture and Environment (ISAE 2011), 9th November 2011, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Ruhuna, Sri Lanka.

Wilson R P, Robinson E H, Gatlin D M and Poe W E. 1989. Dietary phosphorus requirement of channel catfish, (Ictalurus punctatus). Journal of Nutrition 112 (6): 1197–202. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1093/jn/112.6.1197

Downloads

Submitted

2015-02-16

Published

2015-02-16

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

PARANAMANA, N., RADAMPOLA, K., & BULUGAHAPITIYA, V. P. (2015). Nutritional and anti-nutritional contents of alternative plant feed ingredients for fish feed formulation. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(2), 212–215. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i2.46619
Citation