Effect of dietary addition of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) powder on broiler performance


Abstract views: 306 / PDF downloads: 13

Authors

  • S S JOSHI Postgraduate scholar, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat 385 506 India
  • P B INGLE Postgraduate scholar, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat 385 506 India
  • S R BHAGWAT Professor & Head, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat 385 506 India
  • M M PAWAR Assistant Professor, Department of Animal Nutrition, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat 385 506 India
  • K B PRAJAPATI Research Scientist, Livestock Research Station, Sardarkrushinagar Dantiwada Agricultural University, Sardarkrushinagar, Gujarat 385 506 India
  • R C KULKARNI

https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i12.54400

Keywords:

Broiler, Growth, Tinospora cordifolia, Withania somnifera

Abstract

Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effects of dietary addition of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) root powder and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) stem powder on growth performance, feed conversion ratio and economics of feeding in broilers. In experiment 1, treatments were T1: basal diet; T2: basal diet + ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) root powder @ 1 g/kg of feed; T3: basal diet + ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) root powder @ 2 g/kg of feed. In experiment 2, treatments were T1: basal diet; T2: basal diet + guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) stem powder @ 1 g/kg of feed; T3: basal diet + guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) stem powder @ 2 g/kg of feed. The chicks were fed with standard basal diets in three different growth phases i.e. pre-starter (0-10d), starter (11-21d) and finisher (22-42d). Supplementation of Withania somnifera and Tinospora cordifolia significantly increased the overall body weights, weekly gain in body weight of broilers compared to the control group. However, feed intake, feed conversion ratio and feed cost per kilogram of live broiler production were similar among the treatment groups. The dietary addition of Withania somnifera and Tinospora cordifolia reduced mortality rate compared to the control. Results indicated that ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) powder improved growth performance and reduced mortality, but did not have any effect on feed conversion ratio and economics of feeding in broilers.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • R C KULKARNI
    Assistant Professor, Department of Livestock Production & Management, College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry.

References

Bhardwaj U, Tiwary B K, Prasad A and Ganguly S. 2011. Use of Tinospora cordifolia as poultry feed supplement. International Journal of Bio-Medical and Life Science Research 1 (1): 18– 22.

Bhushan S S, Ramnivas, Sigh D P and Bisen B. 2013. Impact of herbal based diets on production efficiency of broiler. The Bioscan 8 (1): 119–22.

Biswas P, Sharma R K and Biswas A. 2012. Effect of dietary supplementation of Ashwagandha (Withania sominifera) and ascorbic acid on production performance of broiler birds. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 47 (3): 403–05.

Jadhav S S, Mandlekar S M, Choudhari A J, Shinde S V and Kharkar K P. 2008. Effect of supplementation of Ashwagandha and Ascorbic acid as antistress agents on growth performance and immune status of broilers during hot weather. Royal Veterinary Journal of India 4 (1): 60–63.

Kulkarni R C, Mandal A B, Munj C P, Dan A, Saxena A and Tyagi P K. 2011. Response of coloured broilers to dietary addition of geloi (Tinospora cordifolia) during extreme summer. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 46 (1): 70–74.

Kumari R, Tiwary B K, Prasad A and Ganguly S. 2012. Asparagus racemosus wild root extract as herbal nutritional supplement for Poultry. Global Journal of Research on Medicinal Plants and Indigenous Medicine 1 (5): 160–63.

Lee K W, Evarts H and Beynen V. 2004. Essential oils in broiler nutrion. International Journal of Poultry Science 3 (12): 738– 52. DOI: https://doi.org/10.3923/ijps.2004.738.752

Mushtaq M, Durrani F R, Hafeez A, Khan R U and Ahmad I. 2012. Effect of administration of Withania somnifera on some hematological and immunological profile of broiler chicks. Pakistan Veterinary Journal 32 (1): 70–72.

Pandey N K, Singh D P and Niwas R. 2013. Broiler characteristics, sensory qualities, and economic efficiency in Vencobb-400 chicks supplemented with a conjugated herbal feed additive in diet. Animal Science Reporter 7 (4): 128–32.

Pedulwar S N, Choudhari A J, Zanzad A A, Ramteke B N and Deshmukh G B. 2007. Effect of supplementation of Ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) on performance of broilers. Vetrinary World 6 (2): 37–38.

Samarth V R, Jagtap D G, Dakshinkar N P, Nimbalkar M V and Kothekar M D. 2002. Effect of ashwaghanda root powder (Withania somnifera) on performance of broiler. Indian Veterinary Journal 79 (7): 733–34.

Sarag A N, Khobragade R S, Rekhate D H and Dhok A P. 2001. Effect of feed supplementation of medicinal plants Tinospora cordifolia and Leptadenia reticulate on performance of broilers. PKV Research Journal 25 (2): 114–15.

Sengupta M, Sharma G D and Chakraborty B. 2011. Effect of aqueous extract of Tinospora cordifolia on functions of peritoneal macrophages isolated from CCl4 intoxicated male albino mice. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 11 (1): 102–10. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/1472-6882-11-102

Shisodiya J M, Chopde S S, Rajput A B, Chandankhede J M, Ingale K S and Kolte B R. 2008. Comparative study of Ashwagandha and commercial synthetic compound on performance of broiler during hot weather. Veterinary World 1 (10): 310–11.

Snedecor G W and Cocharan W G. 1989. Statistical Methods. 8th edn. Affilliated East West Press Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, India.

Srinivasan G V, Unnikrishnan K P, Shree A B and Balachandran I. 2008. HPLC estimation of berberine in Tinospora cordifolia and Tinospora sinensis. Indian Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences 70 (1): 96–99. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4103/0250-474X.40341

Srivastava S B, Singh D P and Bisen B. 2013. Impact of herbal based diets on production efficiency of broiler. The Bioscan 8 (1): 119–22.

Thange H P, Ranade A S, Desai D N, Patil M B, Avari P E and Jawale M R. 2009. Efficacy of different herbal preparations in broiler diet for immunomodulation. Indian Poultry Sector and Global Scenario, Indian Poultry Science. Association., XXVI Annual Conference and National Symposium held at Mumbai from 22–24 October, 2009, pp 190.

Vidyarthi V K, Nring K and Sharma V B. 2008. Effect of herbal growth promoters on the performance and economics of rearing broiler chicken. Indian Journal of Poultry Science 43 (3): 297–300.

Downloads

Submitted

2015-12-18

Published

2015-12-18

Issue

Section

Articles

How to Cite

JOSHI, S. S., INGLE, P. B., BHAGWAT, S. R., PAWAR, M. M., PRAJAPATI, K. B., & KULKARNI, R. C. (2015). Effect of dietary addition of ashwagandha (Withania somnifera) and guduchi (Tinospora cordifolia) powder on broiler performance. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 85(12), 1358–1361. https://doi.org/10.56093/ijans.v85i12.54400
Citation