Sero-epidemiology of Bluetongue and Caprine arthritisencephalitis in goats of middle Indo-Gangetic plains


  • PANKAJ KUMAR Senior Scientist, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar 800 014 India
  • KAUSHAL KISHORE RAJAK Scientist, Veterinary Virology, Biological Products Division, ICAR-IVRI, Izatnagar, Bareilly, UP
  • SANKARIAH JEGAVEERA-PANDIAN Scientist, Veterinary Medicine, Division of Livestock and Fisheries Management, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar 800 014
  • DINESH MAHTO SMS, Animal Science, KVK Gandhar, Banbhuganj, Jehanabad, Bihar
  • RASHMI REKHA KUMARI Assistant Professor, Bihar Veterinary College, Patna, Bihar
  • RAMA KRISHNA ROY Programme Coordinator, KVK, Sipaya, Gopalganj, Bihar
  • ABHAY KUMAR Principal Scientist, Division of Socio-Economics and Extension, ICAR Research Complex for Eastern Region, Patna, Bihar 800 014



Sero-epidemiology, Bluetongue, Caprine arthritis-encephalitis, Goat, Indo-Gangetic plains


The study was undertaken in middle of Indo-Gangetic plains of India. Bluetongue (BT) is endemic throughout the country. However, Caprine arthritis-encephalitis virus (CAE) is sporadically reported from India. The study was undertaken to evaluate the burden of these viral diseases of goat due to unavailability of systemic study in the region. Commercial ELISA kits were used for the study. BTV antibody sero-surveillance was undertaken in 504 random serum samples and Lentivirus antibody sero-surveillance for CAE in 280 random serum samples. None of the goats covered under the study had any form of clinical manifestations of these diseases. The study revealed moderate (15.64%) sero-positivity of BTV antibody and only two cases of sero-positivity of CAE. Two positive cases of CAE in Sirohi breed was brought from Rajasthan. Overall sero-positivity of BTV antibody in male was higher than female goats. The binary regression of circulating BTV antibody was significant for Sirohi and Black Bengal breeds under the study indicating breed differences.


Download data is not yet available.


Belbis G, Bréard E, Cordonnier N, Moulin V, Desprat A, Sailleau C, Viarouge C, Doceul V, Zientara S and Millemann Y. 2013. Evidence of transplacental transmission of bluetongue virus serotype 8 in goats. Veterinary Microbiology 166(3): 394–404.

Bitew M, Nandi S, Ravishankar C and Somvanshi R. 2013. Serological and molecular evidence of bluetongue in sheep and goats in Uttar Pradesh, India. African Journal of Biotechnology 12(19): 2699–704.

Chand K, Biswas S K, Pandey A B, Muthuchelvan D and Mondal B. 2015. Bluetongue in India: A review. Advances in Animal and Veterinary Sciences 3(11): 605–12.

Christie M. 2010. Prevalence and risk factors associated with bluetongue virus among Colorado sheep flocks. M.Sc Thesis, Department of Clinical Sciences, Colorado State University. pp. 45–60.

DAHD. 2012. 19th Livestock Census District Wise Report, Vol. I: 186–229

Joardar S N, Barkataki B, Halder A, Lodh C and Sarma D. 2013. Seroprevalence of bluetongue in north eastern Indian state of Assam. Veterinary World 6(4): 196–99.

Joardar S N, Halder A, Maity A, Mishra S K and Lodh C. 2014. Seroprevalence of bluetongue in ruminants of Orissa. Indian Journal of Comparative Microbiology, Immunology and Infectious Diseases 35(2): 58–60.

Kumar P, Sinha B S, Roy R K, Kumari R R and Kumar A. 2017. Peste des petits ruminants in goats: Sero-epidemiological study in middle Indo-Gangetic plains. Indian Journal of Animal Sciences 87(4): 418–21.

Larruskain A and Jugo B M. 2013. Retroviral infections in sheep and goats: small ruminant lentiviruses and host interaction. Viruses 5(8): 2043–61.

Rao P P, Hegde N R, Reddy Y N, Krishnajyothi Y, Reddy Y V, Susmitha B, Gollapalli S R, Putty K and Reddy G H. 2016. Epidemiology of Bluetongue in India. Transboundary and Emerging Diseases 63(2): 151–64.

Shringi S and Shringi B N. 2005. Comparative efficacy of standard AGID, CCIE and competitive ELISA for detecting bluetongue virus antibodies in indigenous breeds of sheep and goats in Rajasthan, India. Journal of Veterinary Science 6(1): 77–79.

Tigga P, Joardar S N, Halder A, Lodh C, Samanta I, Isore D V, Batabyal K and Dey S. 2015. Seroprevalence of bluetongue in ruminants of Jharkhand. Veterinary World 8(3): 346–49.

Waseem A, Pawaiya R V S, Singh R, Gupta V K, Rajukumar K, Mir M S and Aamir S. 2015. Seroprevalence of caprine arthritis encephalitis virus infection (CAEV) in Indian goats. Indian Journal of Veterinary Pathology 39(1): 15–19.







How to Cite

KUMAR, P., RAJAK, K. K., JEGAVEERA-PANDIAN, S., MAHTO, D., KUMARI, R. R., ROY, R. K., & KUMAR, A. (2018). Sero-epidemiology of Bluetongue and Caprine arthritisencephalitis in goats of middle Indo-Gangetic plains. The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences, 88(1), 17-20.