Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Economic Factors and ICT Adoption among Farmers

Abstract views: 429 / PDF downloads: 161


  • Saurabh Chandra Department of Extension Education ,I.A.S.,B.H.U.
  • A K Singh
  • Kalyan Ghadei BHU Varanasi
  • Sabyasachi Pradhan


Keywords: Agriculture, ICT tools, Farmers, Profile, Relationship, Utilization.


The study was conducted in Uttar Pradesh, India,  to assess the relationship between ICT tools and socio-economic variables of farmers.The Ex-Post-Facto research design and  multi-stage random sample technique were used.The data was collected through personal interviews with farmers. The total sample size of the study was 120 farmers. The study data were analyzed with correlation, multiple regression, and path analysis. The Coefficient of determination (R2) revealed that 79.90per cent of the total variation in the utilization of ICT tools by the farmers was explained by theselected independent variables.The path analysis was used to assess the total effect, which was decomposed into direct, indirect, and residual effects. The variable education (0.358) exerted the highest direct effect, while the total indirect effect of extension contact (0.493) was on the utilization of ICT tools by the farmers. The residual effect was 0.201, which means that 20.10 per cent of the variance could not be explained due to exogenous variables. Overall, the study suggests that education and extension contact are crucial factors that affect the utilization of ICT tools by farmers in Uttar Pradesh for agricultural purposes.


Anand, S., Prakash, S., & Singh, A. K. (2022). Determinants of ICT tools accessibility by farmers in Bihar. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(3), 186-189.

Bansal V.,& Joshi, V. (2019). Socio-Economic Profile Characteristics of Farmers Regarding Use of ICT Tools.International journal of current microbiology and applied sciences.8(07), 164-170.

Das,S., Munshi,M.N & Kabir,W. (2021). Strategies of extension service providers to meet the information needs of the farmers.SAARC journal of Agriculture.19(1), 249-258.

Dhaka, B.L., &Chayal, K. (2010). Farmers’ Experience with ICTs on Transfer of Technology in Changing Agri-Rural Environment. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 10(3), 114-118.

Khare N.K., Agrawal Sonam, Rajan. Parvez (2011). Status of ICT Application in Agriculture –an Overview. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 47(3&4), 132–137.

Kumar, R., Hudda, R. S., Malik, J. S., Mehta, S. K., & Mehta, G. (2017). Relationship between personal variables and numbers of ICTs, accessibility of ICTs, agriculture practices and animal husbandry practices: study in Haryana. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 53(3), 54-57.

Kumar, R., Hudda, R.S., Chahal, P. & Yadav, K., (2017). Availability of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) tools usage by Farmers in Haryana, Indian Journal of Pure & Applied Biosciences.5(3),648-653.

Madhuri, K., Prasad, S.V., Sailaja, V., Reddy, A.P.K., & Mohan Naidu, G.M. (2020). A study on the profile characteristics of the farmers using information and communication technologies (ICTs). International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences. 9(6), 3676-3682.

Mahajan, S.K., Kadam, R.P., & Pawar, G.S. (2022). Correlates between Profile of Farmers with Attitude by Using ICT Tools in Agricultural Production. The Pharma Innovation Journal, 11(12), 2216-2218.

Meera, S.N., S. Kumar, S.A., Rapaka, P& Voleti, S.R. (2018). Digital disruption at field level: tipping point experiments from rice sector. Indian Journal of Extension Education. 54(8), 1-10.

Mishra, A., Yadav, O. P., Yadav, V., Mishra, S., & Kumar, N. (2020). Benefits of the use of ICT services perceived by farmers for acquiring agricultural information in Central U.P. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 56(1), 86–89. Retrieved from https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/107823

Mittal,S.&Mehar,M. (2016) Socio-economic factors affecting adoption of modern information and communication technology by farmers in India: Analysis using multivariate probit model.The Journal of Agricultural Education and Extension, 22(2), 199-212.

MoA&FW. (2017). Report of the Committee on Doubling Farmers’ Income- Empowering the Farmers through Extension and Knowledge Dissemination. GoI, New Delhi, Vol. XI.

Naik, B. J., Rao, B. M., Rambabu, P., & Rekha, M. S. (2020). The attitude of Farmers towards Information and Communication Technology (ICT) Tools. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, 39(43), 72-81.

Nain, M. S., Singh, R. & Mishra, J. R. (2019). Social networking of innovative farmers through WhatsApp messenger for learning exchange: A study of content sharing. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 89(3), 556-558.

NIRD&PJ (2017): Pragati Report on Digital Literacy a Pathway to Transform Rural Lives.Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India.

Osondu, C. K. &Ibezim, G. M. C. (2015). Awareness and Perception of Farmers to the Use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) in Agricultural Extension Service Delivery: A Case Study of Imo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Agriculture Innovations and Research, 4(1),2319-1473.

Panda, S., Devi, Y. L., Das, L., Mondal, S., Pradhan, K., & Pal, P. K. (2019). Socio-personal determinants of farmers’ attitude towards Information and Communication Technology (ICT). Agricultural Science Digest-A Research Journal, 39(4), 328-331.

Panda. S., Modak. S., Devi Y. L., Das. L., Pal P.K., & Nain M. S. (2019). Access and usage of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) to accelerate farmers’ income. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 14(1),200-205.

Patel, N., Dixit, A.K & Singh, S.R.K. (2020). Effectiveness of WhatsApp Messages Regarding Improved Agricultural Production Technology. Indian Journal of Extension Education,56(1), 54-58.

Prasad, C. V., & Pradhan, K. (2019). Assessing the extent of ICT usage by farmers for sustainable agriculture in Sub-Himalayan region. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 19(4), 15-20.

Ravikumar K, Nain M.S., Singh R., Chahal, V.P. & Bana R.S (2015). Analysis of farmers’ communication network and factors of Knowledge regarding agro metrological parameters. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 85(12),1592-96.

Roy, M.L., Nirmal Chandra, N., Mukherjee, A., Jethi, R., & Joshi, K. (2018). The extent of use of ICT tools by hill farmers and associated social factors. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 18(3), 27-31.

Sandeep,G.P., Prashanth, P., Sreenivasulu, M.& Madavilata, A. (2022). Effectiveness of agricultural information disseminated through social media. Indian Journal of Extension Education,58(2), 186-190.

Singh, B.P., Chander, M., Suman, R. S., Mukherjee, P.K. & Handage, S. (2019).Effectiveness of social media in Popularization of Bajra –Napier Hybrid Technology.Indian Journal of Extension Education, 55(3), 14-18.

Subashini, K.K.P & Fernando, S. (2017, September). Empowerment of farmers through ICT literacy. Conference paper September, 2017. NITC, Colombo.DOI: 10.1109/NITC.2017.8285663.

Tomar, A., Bhardwaj, N., Verma, A. P., & Sawant, M. N. (2016). Association between socio-demographic profile and extent of use of ICT among farmers. International Journal of Agricultural Science and Research, 6(6), 163-168.






How to Cite

Exploring the Relationship between Socio-Economic Factors and ICT Adoption among Farmers . (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 54-57. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/135917

Similar Articles

1-10 of 1008

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.