Intergenerational Social Mobility among Scheduled Caste Families in Haryana

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  • Ekta PhD ( EECM) Punjab Agriculture University, Ludhiana
  • Sushma Kaushik Department of Extension Education and Communication Management, I.C. College of Home Science, CCSHAU, Hisar, India, 125004
  • Kamal Kumar Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, LUVAS, Hisar, India
  • Lokendra Singh Kishnawat Department of Extension Education, College of Agriculture, PAU, Ludhiana,
  • Anju Bala Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education, LUVAS, Hisar, India


Social mobility, Intergenerational, Scheduled caste families, Education, Occupation


To explore the intergenerational social mobility among scheduled caste families in Hisar district of Haryana state, the study was conducted in the year 2020 with  200 respondents. The results revealed that there has been a significant improvement in the educational qualifications of subsequent generations. Similarly, the occupation distribution of successive generations showed a decreasing proportion of individuals engaged in farm labour and livestock, while an increasing proportion of individuals engaged in non-farm labor, private service, and business. There is a shift in the occupational class distribution of consecutive generations. A strong and positive correlation was found between occupational mobility and factors such as family size, family income, and livelihood status. On the other hand, educational mobility was positively correlated with family size, family income, education status, and information source utilization, but negatively correlated with age. Additionally, social mobility is negatively correlated with livelihood status.


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How to Cite

Intergenerational Social Mobility among Scheduled Caste Families in Haryana. (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 74-78.

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