Contribution of Integrated Farming System (IFS) Units towards Household Income in Kerala


Abstract views: 87 / PDF downloads: 47

Authors

  • Dr. Vani Chandran "National Dairy Research Institute"
  • Subhash Kumar Saurav
  • Dr. Ritu Chakravarty
  • Kalla Ashok

Abstract

From an economic point of view, combining various components in the same unit helps to diversify farmers’ income. An attempt was made to determine the contribution of various components, adopted in an IFS unit, to the annual household income among the IFS units of Kerala during 2022. In this study, total annual household income was computed by summing up the gross income from all the on-farm sources. The study revealed that 52.78%  of respondents were found in the low-income category, followed by one-third in the medium-income category. Among the selected components, the contribution of income from the crop component, dairy component, and poultry component, was found to be low to medium, while the trend in income generation from fish component was from medium to low. In the case of apiculture and mushroom components, medium to high-income generation was also noticed. It was also found that farm size, experience in farming, economic motivation, training undergone, and herd size were positively correlated with the total farm income of households.

References

Chandran, V., & Chakravarty, R. (2022). Extend of adoption of available components in the IFS units of Kerala. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(4), 130-133.

Dupdal, R., Patil, B.L., & Naik, B.S. (2021). Perceptions and adaptation strategies to changing climate: Evidence from farmers of northern dry zone of Karnataka. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 57(3), 60-64.

Ghouse, L.M., & Hassan, S.N. (2020). Factors influencing crop diversification in Tirunelveli district of Tamil Nadu, Indian Journal of Extension Education, 56(1), 90-92.

Government of Kerala. (2019). 10th Agriculture Census 2015-16 Provisional Report (Phase 1). Agriculture Census Division, Department of Economics & Statistics Kerala, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, 76p. https:// ecostat.kerala.gov.in/ publication-detail/10th-agricultural-census— provisional-report-phase-1.

Government of Kerala. (2020). Economic Review 2019. Kerala State Planning Board, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, 1, 583p. https://spb.kerala.gov.in/sites/default/files/2020 09/ER_2019_Vol1_E.pdf.

Jeromi, P.D. (2007). Impact of agricultural trade liberalisation: Farmers’ indebtedness and suicides in Kerala. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 62(2), 159-175.

John, J. (2014). Homestead farming in Kerala: A multi-faceted land-use system. Review of Agrarian Studies, 4(1), 80-94.

Kumar, P.G., Churchil, R.R., Jalaludeen, A., Narayanankutty, K., Joseph, L., Kannan, A., &Anitha, P. (2013). A survey on village chicken production in Kerala state of India. World's Poultry Science Journal, 69(4), 917-930.

Meshram, M., Khare, N.K., & Singh, S.R.K. (2019). Assessing integrated farming system models apropos employment generation potential in Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 55(3), 65-68.

Nain M. S., Singh Rashmi, Mishra J. R., Sharma J. P., Singh A. K., Kumar A., Gills R., & Suman R. S. (2019). Maximising farm profitability through entrepreneurship development and farmers’ innovations: feasibility analysis and action interventions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 89(6), 1044-49.

Nair, M.G., Jayalekshmi, G., &Kishorekumar, N. (2019). Utility of integrated farming systems: A perception study from Kuttanad. Agricultural Science Digest, 39(4), 332-334.

Ponnusamy, K., & Devi, M.K. (2017). Impact of integrated farming system approach on doubling farmers’ income, Agricultural Economics Research Review, 30, 233-240.

Priscilla, L., Kar, P., Krishnadas, O., Nivetina, L., & Sharma, P.R. (2021). Economic impact of crop diversification in North-East India: Evidence from household-level survey, Indian Journal of Extension Education, 57(4), 104–109.

Raghuvanshi, R., & Ansari, M.A. (2020). Farmers’ vulnerability to climate change: A study in North Himalayan region of Uttarakhand, India. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 56(4), 1-8.

Rejula K.. Singh R., & Nain M.S. (2017). Rice farming for food security and ecological sustainability: An analysis of farmers’ awareness in Kerala. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 53(4), 101-106.

Salim, S.S., Safeena, P.K., Fernandez, R., Athira, P.R., Sunil, P.V., Harshan, N.K., Ramees, M.R., Athira, N.R., & Rajesh, R. (2017). A rapid assessment of the fish trade, arrivals and price realization in Kerala. Marine Fisheries Information Service, Technical & Extension Series, 232, 24-27.

Sreeram, V., Gupta, J., & Suraj, S.R. (2018). Constraints perceived by dairy farmers of Kerala State. Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 71(1), 102-106.

Sudhish, N. (2022, April 3). Rising feed price leaves dairy farmers in distress. The Hindu. https://www.thehindu.com/news/national/kerala/rising-feed-price-leaves-dairy-farmers-in-distress/article65287034.ece

Suraj, S.R. (2021). Dairy entrepreneurial ecosystem of Kerala: A stakeholder’s appraisal. Ph.D. Thesis, National Dairy Research Institute, Karnal.

Tiwari, U., Singh, A., Kumar, P., Venkatesh, P., Singh, R., Kumar, A., Bisen, J., & Kumar, H. V.H. (2023). Status and changes in composition of agricultural household’s income in India. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(1), 59-64.

Downloads

Submitted

05.06.2023

Published

10.06.2023

How to Cite

Contribution of Integrated Farming System (IFS) Units towards Household Income in Kerala. (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 69-73. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/137300