Anuj Kumar , Randhir Singh , Satyavir Singh , Sendhil, R. , Ramesh Chand and JK Pandey


Abstract views: 6 / PDF downloads: 0

Authors

  • Anuj Kumar , Randhir Singh , Satyavir Singh , Sendhil, R. , Ramesh Chand and JK Pandey

Abstract

The study was conducted in Kaithal district of Haryana during 2014-15 in nine villages with 120 purposively selected
farmers who have adopted either of the three resource conservation technologies viz; zero tillage, rotary tillage and laser
land leveller or in combination. Majority (68.98 %) of the farmers belonged to middle age group (31-50 years) followed
by young (20.33 %) and old (18.69 %). Majority (85 %) of the farmers were literate and agriculture was their main
occupation. Farmers were categorised in four groups on land holding basis and 6.5 per cent, 15.46 per cent, 39.02 per cent
and 39.02 per cent, in marginal, small, medium and large categories, respectively. In the study area, majority of the
farmers preferred Agriculture Development Officers (ADOs) as main source of information. The study on adoption
pattern of resource conservation technologies revealed that 69.92 per cent of the farmers had adopted zero tillage, 51.22
per cent rotary tillage, 67.48 per cent laser land leveller, 22.76 per cent zero tillage+rotary tillage, 47.15 per cent zero
tillage+laser land leveller, 33.33 per cent rotary tillage+laser land leveller and 13.01 per cent zero tillage+ rotary tillage+
laser land leveller. Majority (84.88 %) of the farmers used zero tillage for timely sowing and 40.70 per cent used for both
i.e. timely and late sown conditions. Regarding the impact of zero tillage technology, majority of the farmers (77.91 %)
told that there was saving of time under zero tillage sowing as compared to conventional tillage. Majority of the farmers
(80.23 %) told that there was an increase in broader leaf weeds under zero tillage and reduction in narrow leaf weed
population (80.23 %) and 76.74 per cent of them recorded reduction in overall weed population. All the farmers agreed
that there was cost saving under zero tillage technology. Most of them (91.86 %) harvested more yield as compared to
conventional tillage. A large number of farmers (61.63 %) observed longer crop duration (4-7 days), increased soil
fertility (51.16 %), increased organic carbon in the soil (54.65 %) and increased moisture retention capacity of soil (50
%) and less lodging (87.21 %) as compared to conventional tillage. All the farmers agreed that there was time saving
under rotary tillage in wheat sowing. Majority of them (68.25 %) recorded decrease in cost of cultivation, more yield
(41.27 %), increased soil fertility (86.96 %), increase in organic carbon content of soil (57.14 %), increase in moisture
retention capacity of soil (52.33 %), avoidance of terminal heat (85.71 %) and increase in lodging (46.03 %). Due to
adoption of laser land leveller farmers (45.78 %) could save time in field preparation, 2-3 per cent increase in cultivable
area, less time required to irrigate the crop, 30-40 per cent water saving, more yield (96.39 %) and less lodging (95.18 %).

Downloads

Submitted

18.10.2023

Published

31.03.2017

How to Cite

Anuj Kumar , Randhir Singh , Satyavir Singh , Sendhil, R. , Ramesh Chand and JK Pandey. (2017). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 53(1), 45-54. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/143907