Socio-economic, Psychological and Situational Causes of Suicides of Farmers in Vidarbha Region of Maharashtra
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The study was undertaken for identification of various causes of suicides of farmers in highly suicide prone six districts of
Vidarbha region of Maharashtra with exploratory design of social research. Total 200 victim families were selected by
proportionate method of random sampling. It covers 178 villages and 34 tahsils of six districts of Vidarbha. The study
revealed that low education level, large to medium family size with nuclear type of families, small and marginal rainfed
holding with no source to access the irrigation, low productivity due to monsoon vagaries, low annual income,
indebtedness, low socio-economic status, inability to fulfill important family responsibilities due to poor economic
condition, alcohol drinking habit, personal and family members health problems and disputes, were causes of suicides
among farmers of Vidarbha. All these causes were interrelated and they feed into each other and aggravate each other. All
these identified causes were not common in all victims, but overall it reflects the poor socio-economic condition of the
deceased farmers of Vidarbha. For improving this situation, policy makers have to think critically and take appropriate
measures for improving economic condition of the farmers of Vidarbha
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