Assessment of Integrated Plant Nutrient Management in Tomato through Farmers Participatory Approach


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Authors

  • S.K. Pandey , G.D. Nigam , R.P. Singh , A.P.Dwivedi and S.R.K. Singh

Abstract

Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.) is one of the most remunerative and important vegetable crop widely grown and
consumed in India. Injudicious use of fertilizers for higher yield in tomato is very common among farming communities
which not only causes reduction of total yield gradually, but also is one of the major factors for higher incidence of biotic
and abiotic stresses in commercial production. The farmers participatory trials were conducted by Krishi Vigyan Kendra,
Chandauli district of Uttar Pradesh at farmers fields in two villages to assess the technological gap in tomato production
and to evaluate IPNM technology for its effectiveness during Rabi 2008 and Kharif 2009. Eight technological gaps
including application of fertilizer and pesticide for commercial tomato production were identified. The package of IPNM
includes application of 10 tonnes FYM/ha + 150:80:60 kg NPK/ha + root dip of seedling in Azotobactor solution before
transplanting + foliar spray of ferrous ammonium sulphate @ 20 ppm at 30, 45 and 75 days after transplanting. Findings of
study revealed that maximum marketable fruit yield of 1025 qts/ha in Kharif 2009 and 955 qts/ha in Rabi 2008 were
obtained from IPNM plots and 38.51 and 33.94 per cent increase in yield were recorded over farmers practice in
respective seasons. The per cent loss of yield from total production due to diseased and inferior quality fruits were
observed to be just double (8%) as compared with IPNM plot (4-5%). Partial budget analysis revealed that the net returns
obtained from IPNM plot in Rabi 2008 and Kharif 2009 were higher i.e. ` 2,19,010 and ` 2,34,614 respectively than the
farmers practice (` 1,42,240 and ` 1,43,235) in respective season. Reduction in cost of cultivation of ` 4,170 to ` 5,879
were also reported in IPNM plot in comparison with farmers practice . B:C ratio were found i.e., maximum 4.25 in Rabi
2008 and 4.23 in Kharif 2009 respectively in IPNM plot whereas in farmers practices it was 2.98 and 2.82 in respective
seasons.

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Submitted

20.10.2023

Published

31.12.2013

How to Cite

Assessment of Integrated Plant Nutrient Management in Tomato through Farmers Participatory Approach . (2013). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 49(3&4), 117-120. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJEE/article/view/144365