Livestock Disease and Health Care Facility in Sundarbans Delta of India
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There are a number of livestock diseases which are seasonal in nature. Understanding the disease pattern and health care
facility has an implication in formulating an efficient and effective disease management strategy. With this implication, a
study was conducted in four villages of Sundarban delta of India to understand the prevalence of livestock disease, their
seasonality, and health care facility available. A participatory case study method was used for the study. Data were
collected using semi-structured interview, listing, narrative and observation method. Study reveals that foot and mouth
disease, ranikhet disease, chicken pox, hump sore, etc. were highly seasonal, whereas amphistomiasis, delayed expulsion
of placenta, dystokia, etc. were not seasonal. Quacks, veterinary officers, medicine pedlars, medicine shop keepers, midwives, and ethno-veterinarians were the veterinary service providers in the study area. It is concluded that a holistic
research is needed on documentation and validation of major livestock diseases in order to suggest effective disease
management practices in the context of prevailing health care practices and available veterinary facilities.
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