ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON BMI OF LODHA TRIBAL WOMEN IN MAYURBHANJ DISTRICT OF ODISHA


Abstract views: 98 / PDF downloads: 195

Authors

  • JHUNILATA BHUYAN*, SASMITA BEHERA and DEEPAK KUMAR MOHANTY Department of Home Science, Ramadevi Women’s University, Odisha- 751 022

Abstract

Mayurbhanj is a tribal dominated district and Lodha is a primitive vulnerable tribe of this district.
Very scanty information about their nutritional, dietary pattern and dietary habits was reported. Hence,
this study was conducted in 2019-20 and 2020-21 to assess the nutritional status of the Lodha tribal
women, so that it will be helpful for planning and monitoring programmes for the betterment of Lodha
Tribal women.The respondents were selected randomly from ten villages of Moroda, Suliapada,
Baripada and Shamakhunta. The study revealed that the average height of the Lodha tribal women
was 146.6± 5.4 cm, body weight was 37.8 ± 6.31 kg, waist circumference was 78.3± 7.87 cm, hip
circumference was 77.3 ±8.83 cm, mid arm circumference was 20.6 ± 2.21 cm, BMI was 17.6± 2.8
kg/m2, waist hip ratio was 20.7± 2.21 cm. At the aggregate level 27.3 percentage of tribal women
showed normal range of BMI value (18.5-22.9 kg/m2) but 68.7% of the Lodha tribal women come
under underweight ( 18.5 kg/m2) category of BMI classification.Only 2% of Lodha tribal women
represented both over weight (23.0-24.9 kg/m2) and obese ( 25.0kg/m2) category of Chronic Energy
Deficiency (CED), this showed the tribal society was also stepping towards dual burden of
malnourishment and overweight among Lodha tribal women. The research also revealed that there
was statistically significant association between income with BMI and education with BMI, however,
statistically non-significant association between age with BMI and types of family with BMI.

References

Balarajan, Y., Selvaraj, S and Subramanian, S.V.

Health care and equity in India. Lancet

(9764): 505-515.

Barbhuiya, A.F.G.I and Das, R. 2013. Gender

differences in nutritional status among the

adult Meiteis of Cachar district of Assam,

India. Eurasian Journal of Anthropology.

(2):36-44.

Bhardwaj, S and Kapoor, S. 2007. Nutritional

anthropometry and health status: A study

among DhankaTribals of Rajasthan.The

Anthropologist. 9(3): 211-214.

Bisai, S., Bose, K., Khatum, A and Bauri, H.

Age - Related Anthropometric changes

and under nutrition among middle age and

older Savar tribal females of Keonjhar

District, Orissa, India. Journal of Life

Sciences. 1(1): 21-26.

Bose, K and Chakraborty, F. 2005.

Anthropometric characteristics and

nutritional status based on body mass index

of Bathudis: A tribal population of Keonjhar

district, Orrisa, India. Asia Pacific Journal of

Clinical Nutrition.14:80-82.

Bose, K., Bisai, S and Chakraborty, F. 2006. Age

Variations in anthropometric and body

composition characteristics and

underweight among male Bathudis: A tribal

population of Keonjhar districts, Orissa,

India. Collegium Antropologicum. 30(4):

-775.

Das, S and Bose, K. 2012. Nutritional deprivation

among Indian tribals: A cause for concern.

Anthropological Notebooks. 18 (2): 5-16.

Datta, B. S., Bose, K., Bisai, S., Bhattacharya,

M., Das, S., Jana, A and Purkait, P. 2007.

Chronic energy deficiency among adult

Dhimals of Naxalbari, West Bengal:

Comparison with other tribes of Eastern

India. Food and Nutrition Bulletin.28(3):

–352.

Ghosh, J.2016.Nutritional Status of Tribal

Women:An epidemiological study among

santal-munda tribes of North 24th Parganas

District of West Bengal, India. International

Journal of Scientific Research. 5 (7): 48-51.

Gogoi, G and Sengupta, S. 2002. Body mass

index among the Dibongiya Deoris of

Assam, India. Journal of Human Ecology.

: 271-273.

Gopinath, T.,Logaraj, T. M and John, K. R. 2018.

Assessment of nutritional status of children

aged under five years in tribal population

of Jawadhu hills in Tamil Nadu. International

Journal of Community Medicine and Public

Health. 5(3):1041-1046

Goswami, M. 2014. Body mass index and chronic

energy deficiency among adult male Lodhas

and Kharias of Mayurbhanj, Odisha.

Antrocom: Online Journal of Anthropology,

Physical Anthropology. 10(2): 359-364.

Goswami, M., Dash, B and Dash, N.C.

Nutritional Status of the Bhumija of

Baleswar, Orissa. Indian Anthropologist.

(1): 55-70

Government of India. 2011. Census of India-

Scheduled castes and scheduled

tribes. New Delhi, Registrar General and

Census Commissioner of India. Retrieved

from the website (www.censusindia.gov.in)

on 19th April, 2021.

ICMR.2000.Nutrient requirements and

recommended dietary allowances for

Indians - A report of the expert group of the

Indian Council of Medical Research, New

Delhi, India. pp. 26-35.

Kanrar, P and Goswami, M. 2020. Socio

demographic profile, reproductive health

and nutritional status among the Juangs- A

particularly vulnerable tribal group of

Odisha, India. The Oriental Anthropologist.

(1): 135–149.

Kapoor, S., Tyagi, R., Saluja, K., Chaturvedi, A

and Kapoor, A.K. 2009. Nutritional profile

and socio-economic status of Saharia, A

Primitive tribe of India. The Open

Anthropology Journal. 2: 58-63.

Kushwaha, K and Kushwaha, P. 2020.

Demographical determinants associated

with undernutrition and anaemia among

tribal women of Malkangiri District of Odisha:

A cross-sectional survey. European Journal

of Molecular and Clinical Medicine. 7(8):

-2749.

Lenka, C. 2016. Nutritional status and traditional

health culture of Tribal Women: A study in

Mayurbhanj district, Odisha.Asian Journal

of Home Science. 11(1): 99-105.

Misra, A., Chowbey, P and Makkar, B.M. 2013.

Consensus statement for diagnosis of

obesity, abdominal obesity and the metabolic

syndrome for Asian Indians and

recommendations for physical activity,

medical and surgical management.

Retrieved from the website (http://

www.japi.org/february_2009/R-1.html) on

April 9th, 2021.

Nanda, S and Dhar, N. 2017. A study on

nutritional status of adolescent girls of

DongriaKondh tribe. International Journal of

Community Medicine and Public Health.

(5): 1573-1576.

National Family Health Survey (NFHS-3).2005.

Annual Report 2004-2005.India,

International Institute for Population

Sciences, Mumbai, India. pp. 23-30.

Ota, A.B and Sahoo, A.C., 2010. Lodha

Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes

Research and Training Institute (SCSTRTI),

Bhubaneswar.

Planning Commission of India. 2013. Economic

Survey. Press Note on Poverty Estimates,

-12. Government of India, New Delhi.

Rao, K. M., Balakrishna, N., Laxmaiah, A.,

Venkaiah, K and Brahmam, G.N.V. 2006.

Diet and nutritional status of adolescent

tribal population in nine States of India.

Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition.15

(1): 64-71.

Sachdev, H.S., Fall , H.D. C., Osmond C.,

Lakshmy R., Biswas, S.K.D., Leary, S.D.,

Reddy, K.S., Barker, D.J.P and Bhargava,

S.K. 2005. Anthropometric indicators of

body composition in young adults: Relation

to size at birth and serial measurements of

body mass index in childhood in the New

Delhi birth cohort. American Journal of

Clinical Nutrition. 82: 456-466.

Singh, S., Ahlawat, S., Pandya, S and Prafull, B.

Anthropometric measurements and

body composition parameters of farm

women in north Gujrat. Journal of

Ergonomics 3(1): 1000114-1000117.

Thomas, D., Sarangi, B. L., Garg, A., Ahuja, A.,

Meherda, P., Karthikeyan, S. R., Joddar, P.,

Kar, R., Pattnaik, J., Druvasula, R and Rath,

A.D. 2015. Closing the health and nutrition

gap in Odisha, India: A case study of how

transforming the health system is achieving

greater equity. Social Science & Medicine.

:154-162.

United Nations.2009.State of the world’s

indigenous people. New York. Department

of Economic and Social Affairs, United

Nations.

Vatsala, L., Prakash, J and Prabhavathi, S.N.

Food security and nutritional status

of women selected from a rural area in

South India. Journal of Food, Nutrition and

Population Health. 1 (2): 1-8.

WHO.2004. Appropriate body-mass index for

Asian population and its implication for

policy and intervention strategies. Lancet

: 157-163.

World Health Organization (WHO).2017.

Malnutrition, Fact sheet. Retrieved from the

website (http://www.who.int/ mediacentre/

factsheets/malnutrition/en/) on April 9th,

Downloads

Submitted

21-02-2023

Published

30-09-2021

How to Cite

JHUNILATA BHUYAN*, SASMITA BEHERA and DEEPAK KUMAR MOHANTY. (2021). ASSESSMENT OF NUTRITIONAL STATUS BASED ON BMI OF LODHA TRIBAL WOMEN IN MAYURBHANJ DISTRICT OF ODISHA. The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 49(3), 45-57. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/TJRA/article/view/133546