PATTERN OF FRESH FRUIT BUNCH (FFB) PRODUCTION AND YIELD DISTRIBUTION OF OIL PALM IN ANDHRA PRADESH


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Authors

  • P. MADHAVI LATHA *, M. TIRUPATI REDDY, B. PRATAP and H.P. MAHESWARAPPA Horticultural Research Station, Dr. Y.S.R. Horticultural University, Vijayarai-534 475

Abstract

The field study was conducted to evaluate new tenera hybrids at Horticultural Research Station,
Vijayarai. As oil palm is a continuous fruit yielding crop in a harvest year, variations in month wise FFB
production was studied in tenera hybrid crosses. The performance of hybrids under irrigated conditions
planted during 2007 was studied for four years (9 to 12 years after planting) for bunch number,
bunch weight and FFB production per ha at monthly intervals. During the four years of study, palms
showed significant differences in bunch number, average bunch weight and FFB production in different
months of a harvest year. Average bunch weight increased with increase in age of the palms during
the study period from 6th to 9th harvest years (11.54 to 14.98 kg) with inverse relation between number
of bunches produced per palm and average bunch weight. May, August and September were the
months which recorded 40-45 % of total yield of a harvest year while November, December, January
and February were the lean production months which recorded lower number of bunches palm-1
month-1(0.5) and lower bunch weights month-1 (4 to 5 kg) contributing to 10 % annual yield. Cumulative
yield of 4 years data shows that there was 18 % and 15% FFB production recorded in May and
August months, respectively. Four years mean FFB production was 3.5 t ha-1 in August followed by 3
t ha-1 in May month. In lean production months (November, December, January and February) per
month FFB production was only 0.5 t ha-1. In Andhra Pradesh, peak oil palm FFB production season
is 6 months (April to September) and the remaining 6 months (October to March) is lean period.

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Submitted

21-02-2023

Published

31-12-2021

How to Cite

P. MADHAVI LATHA *, M. TIRUPATI REDDY, B. PRATAP and H.P. MAHESWARAPPA. (2021). PATTERN OF FRESH FRUIT BUNCH (FFB) PRODUCTION AND YIELD DISTRIBUTION OF OIL PALM IN ANDHRA PRADESH. The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 49(4), 49-58. https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/TJRA/article/view/133575