PROPERTY ANALYSIS OF SODIUM ALGINATE FROM BROWN MACROALGAE (Sargassum cinctum J.Agardh)


Abstract views: 42 / PDF downloads: 23

Authors

  • R. PRAGATHEESWARI Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore- 641 043
  • PA. RAAJESWARI Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Avinashilingam Institute for Home Science and Higher Education for Women, Coimbatore- 641 043

https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2024.52.1.10

Keywords:

Brine shrimp lethality assay, Characterization, Sargassum cinctum, Seaweed, Sodium alginate

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to examine the characteristics of sodium alginate that was collected in November 2019 from Sargassum cinctum J. Agardh in the Indian Gulf of Mannar locations. Using a standardized extraction procedure, sodium alginate was extracted from Sargassum cinctum J. Agardh and was subjected to elemental composition profile analysis with Energy Dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX) and morphological analysis through a Field Emission Scanning Electron Microscope (FESEM) along with 3-dimensional optical profile analysis. Heavy metal residue analysis of mercury, lead, cadmium, chromium, and arsenic done through an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer (AAS) at ppm level, revealed the absence (lower than the detectable limit) of arsenic and lead indicating the safety of the extracted biopolymer sodium alginate.Lethality assessment conducted with brine shrimps for 24 h revealed a higher mortality rate on increased sample content after 8 h of exposure.The outcome of the study indicated that sodium alginate from Sargassum cinctum possesses higher application potential in various sectors including food, agriculture,textile, pharmaceutical, and cosmetic industries.

References

Dangar, K., Varsani, V and Vyas, S. 2021.

Characterization of sodium alginate

extracted from brown seaweeds growing

on Veraval coast, Gujarat. Plant Science

Today. 8(1):45-48.

Dave, P. N., Marvaniya, P. N., Ram, V. R.,

Thirumaran, G and Khosla, E. 2017.

Antibacterial and antioxidant activity of

sulfated polysaccharides from selected

seaweeds of Vadinar Coast. Acta Chimica

and Pharmaceutica Indica. 7(3):1-3.

Fertah, M. 2017. Isolation and characterization

of alginate from seaweed. In Seaweed

polysaccharides. Elsevier. pp.11-26.

Giyatmi, G., Poetri, T. A., Irianto, H. E., Fransiska,

D and Agusman, A. 2020. Effect of

alginate and polyethylene glycol addition

on physical and mechanical characteristics

of k-Carrageenan-based edible film.

Squalen Bulletin of Marine and Fisheries

Postharvest and Biotechnology. 15(1):41-

Hira, K., Sultana, V., Khatoon, N., Ara, J and

Ehteshamul-Haque, S. 2019. Protective

effect of crude sulfated polysaccharides

from Sargassum swartzii (Turn.) C. Ag.

against acetaminophen-induced liver

toxicity in rats. Clinical Phytoscience. 5(1):

-8.

Jayasinghe, P.S., Pahalawattaarachchi, V and

Ranaweera, K.K. 2016. Effect of extraction

methods on the yield and physiochemical

properties of polysaccharides extracted

from seaweed available in SriLanka.

Poultry Fish Wildlife Science. 4(150): 1-6.

Kaidi, S., Belattmania, Z., Bentiss, F., Jama, C.,

Reani, A and Sabour, B. 2021. Synthesis

and characterization of silver nanoparticles

using alginate from the brown seaweed

laminaria ochroleuca: structural features

and antibacterial activity. Biointerface

Research in Applied Chemistry. 12: 6046-

Pragatheeswari and Raajeswari

Kusumawati, R., Basmal, J and Utomo, B. B.

Physicochemical characteristics of

sodium alginate extracted from Turbinaria

sp. and Sargassum sp. Squalen Bulletin

of Marine and Fisheries Post-harvest and

Biotechnology. 13(2): 79-84.

Latifi, A.M., Sadegh Nejad, E and Babavalian, H.

Comparision of extraction of

different methods of sodium alginate from

brown algae Sargassum sp. localized in

the southern of Iran. Journal of Applied

Biotechnology Reports. 2(2): 251-5.

Mantri, V.A., Ganesan, M., Kavale, M.G and

Gajaria, T.K. 2020. Status, exploitation and

resource management of alginophytes in

India: an account and way forward. Journal

of Applied Phycology. 32(6): 4423-41.

Mohammed, E., Mohammed, T.and Mohammed,

A. 2017. Optimization of an acid digestion

procedure for the determination of Hg, As,

Sb, Pb, and Cd in fish muscle tissue.

Methods X. 4: 513-23.

Pragatheeswari, R and Raajeswari, Pa. 2021.

Characterization of sodium alginate

extracted from Sargassum cinctum

harvested from the Gulf of Mannar in India.

The Indian Journal of Nutrition and

Dietetics. 58(S1): 92-99.

Ramu, S., Murali, A., Narasimhaiah, G and

Jayaraman, A. 2020. Toxicological

evaluation of Sargassum wightii Greville

derived fucoidan in Wistar rats:

Haematological, biochemical and

histopathological evidence. Toxicology

Reports. 7: 874-882.

Roy, S and Anantharaman, P. 2017.

Biochemical compositions of seaweeds

collected from Olaikuda and Vadakkadu,

Rameshwaram, Southeast Coast of India.

Journal of Marine Science Research

Development. 7(240): 2.

Ruslan, R., Amir, A and Agrippina, W. 2019.

Extraction of sodium alginate from

Sargassum sp. using microwave-assisted

extraction (MAE). Journal of Pure and

Applied Chemistry Research. 8(1): 23-30.

Sachan, N. K., Pushkar, S., Jha, A and

Bhattcharya, A. 2009. Sodium alginate: the

wonder polymer for controlled drug

delivery. Journal of Pharmacy Research,

(8): 1191-1199.

Sarah, Q.S., Anny, F.C and Misbahuddin, M.,

Brine shrimp lethality assay.

Bangladesh Journal of Pharmacology. 12

(2): 186-189.

Wang, B., Wan, Y., Zheng, Y., Lee, X., Liu, T., Yu,

Z., Huang, J., Ok, Y.S., Chen, J and Gao,

B. 2019. Alginate-based composites for

environmental applications: a critical

review. Critical Reviews in Environmental

Science and Technology. 49(4): 318-56.

You, L., Gong, Y., Li, L., Hu, X., Brennan, C and

Kulikouskaya, V. 2020. Beneficial effects

of three brown sea weed polysaccharides

on gut microbiota and their structural

characteristics: An overview. International

Journal of Food Science and Technology.

(3): 1199-206.

Downloads

Submitted

25-05-2024

Published

31-03-2024

How to Cite

R. PRAGATHEESWARI. (2024). PROPERTY ANALYSIS OF SODIUM ALGINATE FROM BROWN MACROALGAE (Sargassum cinctum J.Agardh). The Journal of Research ANGRAU, 52(1), 85-93. https://doi.org/10.58537/jorangrau.2024.52.1.10

Similar Articles

1-10 of 17

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.