Effect of extreme hot climate on liver and serum enzymes in Marwari goats
Abstract views: 169 / PDF downloads: 23
Keywords:Alanine amino transferase (ALT), Aspartate amino transferase (AST), Extreme climatic condition, Liver, Moderate climatic condition, Serum
AbstractA study was conducted to investigate liver and serum enzymes i.e. aspartate amino transferase (AST) and alanine amino transferase (ALT) during moderate (Jan/Feb) and extreme (May/ June) climatic conditions in three hundred Marwari goats. In each climatic condition, 150 animals were taken. They were categorized in to males (70 of 0-1 year, and 30 of above 1 year) and females (30 of 0-1 year, and 20 of above 1 year). Blood samples were collected aseptically using EDTA containing vials and after separation of serum the serum transaminases were determined. Liver tissues were collected after slaughter of the animal and all the analyses were carried out at the same day of collection of fresh sample. Liver AST and ALT (IU/L) ranged from 210.56 to 610.10 (average 579.65Â±11.33) and from 170.11 to 562.70 (average 402.09Â±21.34), respectively. Serum AST and ALT ranged from 56.70 to 215.00 (average 186.76Â±7.87) and from 20.15 to 85.77 (average 57.54Â±1.24), respectively. Season had significant (P<0.05) effect on both liver and serum ALT. Liver ALT showed significant (P<0.05) effect on sex in both climatic conditions and age group in moderate climatic condition. Higher values were observed in liver AST and ALT in males in comparison to females in both climatic conditions. Higher values of liver AST and ALT were observed in 0â€“1 year age group animals than above 1 year age group in both climatic conditions except in extreme climatic condition values of ALT observed higher in above 1 year age group animals. Serum AST showed significant (P<0.05) effect of sex in both climatic conditions but mean while, serum ALT showed significant (P<0.05) effect on age group in extreme climatic condition only. Higher values of serum AST was observed in male while serum ALT values were higher in female of both climatic conditions.
How to Cite
The copyright of the articles published in The Indian Journal of Animal Sciences is vested with the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, which reserves the right to enter into any agreement with any organization in India or abroad, for reprography, photocopying, storage and dissemination of information. The Council has no objection to using the material, provided the information is not being utilized for commercial purposes and wherever the information is being used, proper credit is given to ICAR.