Impact and Determinants of Membership in Dairy Cooperative Society: The Case of Smallholder Dairy Farmers in Barpeta District of Assam
Abstract views: 42 / PDF downloads: 100
Keywords:Dairy cooperative membership, impact, determinants, logit model, Barpeta, Assam
Dairy cooperatives are associated with creating opportunities for attaining higher level of market integration having implications for significant improvement in income of the dairy farmers. Based on cross-sectional data of 300 farmers (150 members and 150 non-members of dairy cooperatives) the present study examines the impact of cooperative membership on dairy income, per capita milk consumption and employment potential. Given the positive impact of DCS membership from the analysis of multivariate regression the study further looks for factors that determine the decision to become membership of DCS. The analysis of the determinants based on logistic regression shows that milch animal holding, credit accessibility, availability of other services from DCS have positive relation with the membership decision, while dairy farming experience, distance to the cooperative collection centre and price of milk are negatively and significantly associated with cooperative membership. The study suggests that facilitating access to credit through dairy cooperatives to meet the financial viability, offering services to dairy farmers like fodder seed, subsidized concentrate feed, veterinary services, and establishment of more collection centre and improving market infrastructure can be instrumental in stimulating farmersâ€™ membership decision to join cooperatives. The study concludes that cooperatives can be efficient in fostering wellbeing of the farmers with relatively higher income, employment and nutritional status.
Ahmed MH and Mesfin HM (2017) The impact of agricultural cooperatives membership on the wellbeing of smallholder farmers: Empirical evidence from eastern Ethiopia. Agricultural and Food Economics 5(6).
Awotide BA, Awoyemi TT and Fashogbon A (2015) Factors influencing smallholder farmersâ€™ participation in cooperative organization in rural Nigeria. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 6(17):87-96.
Bagher A (2011). Identifying the factors affecting the participation of agricultural cooperativesâ€™ members. American Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 6(4):560-566.
Balgah RA (2019) Factors influencing coffee farmersâ€™ decisions to join cooperatives. Sustainable Agriculture Research 8(1):42-58.
Barbaruah MI (2012) Livestock sector development in Assam. https://www.vethelpindia.co.in/veterinary-livestock-sector-development-in-assam/
Bardhan D and Sharma ML (2012) Determinants and implications of smallholder participation in dairy cooperatives: Evidence from Uttarakhand state of India. Indian Journal of Agricultural Economics 67(4):565-584.
Bayan B (2018) Impacts of dairy cooperatives in smallholder dairy production systems: A case study in Assam. Agricultural Economic Research Review 31(1):87-94.
Chagwiza C, Muradian R and Ruben R (2016) Cooperative membership and dairy performance among smallholders in Ethiopia. Food Policy 59:165-173.
Debeb D and Haile M (2016) A study on factors affecting farmersâ€™ cooperative membership increment in Bench Zone, South Western Ethiopia. Developing Country Studies 6(2):129-138
Fikadu L, Duguma G and Mitiku F (2019) Pull and push factors for producersâ€™ membership in dairy marketing cooperatives in Jimma Zone, Oromia, Ethiopia. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development 1(15):21-34
Gashaw BA and Kibert SM (2018) Factors influencing farmersâ€™ membership preferences in agricultural cooperatives in Ethiopia. American Journal of Rural Development 6(3):94-103
GoI (Government of India) (2018) NDDB Annual Report (2017-18), Department of Animal Husbandry, Dairying & Fisheries, Ministry of Agriculture and Farmers Welfare, Government of India.
Gujarati DN (2011) Econometrics by example, Palgrave Macmillan, England, UK
Jafor A (2019) Farm level technical efficiency of dairy farmers: A study in Barpeta and Morigaon districts of Assam. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science 24(6):01-05.
Kakaty G and Das AK (2017) Assessment of the status of dairying and potential to improve socio-economic status of the milk producers and convergence of all central and state schemes at district level in Assam. Agro-Economic Research Centre for North-East India, Assam Agricultural University, Jorhat-13, Assam.
Meena GL and Jain DK (2012) Economics of milk production in Alwar district (Rajasthan): A comparative analysis. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 2(8):1-5
Meena GL, Jain DK and Burark SS (2010) Impact of dairy cooperatives on the rural household economy in Alwar district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Agricultural Marketing 24(2).
Njiru RD, Bett HK and Mutai MC (2015) Socio-economic factors that influence smallholder farmersâ€™ membership in a dairy cooperative society in Embu County, Kenya. Journal of Economics and Sustainable Development 6(9):283-288.
Nugusse WZ, Huylenbroeck GV and Buysse J (2012) Determinants of rural people to join cooperatives in Northern Ethiopia. International Journal of Social Economics 40(12):1094-1107.
Saha GK (2015) Dairy sector in North-Eastern region- Lesson from Assam. International Journal of Management and Social Science Research Review 1(16):112-116.
Sirohi S, Kumar A and Staal SJ (2009) Formal milk processing sector in Assam: Lessons to be learnt from institutional failure. Agricultural Economics Research Review 22:245-254.
Sujatha RV, Suseela T and Suseela K (2015) Milk marketing in cooperative sector and private sector in Andhra Pradesh, India: A comparative study. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 5(12):401-406.
Tefera E and Wold AGH (2015) Performance and determinants of households participation in dairy marketing cooperatives, Arsi Zone, Oromiya Region, Ethiopia. Global Journal of Emerging Trends in e-Business, Marketing and Consumer Psychology 1(1):240-258.