Effect of purified waste water intake on physiological, growth and health parameters in crossbred (Alpine x Beetal) lactating goats


Abstract views: 68 / PDF downloads: 73

Authors

  • Gaurav Kumar
  • Anil Kumar
  • Ashutosh ICAR- National Dairy Research Institute, Karanal-132001

Keywords:

Goat, Growth, Physiological responses, Water scarcity, Waste water treatment

Abstract

Present study in goat (Capra hircus) was conducted to examine the effect of purified waste water on the physiological responses, health status and growth parameters in comparison to the control group goats maintained on fresh water. The study was carried out in lactating goats maintained at Livestock Research Centre, ICAR-NDRI, Karnal during November to January 2018-19. The dry matter and water intake of the lactating goats non-significantly (p<0.05) decreased in the treatment groups as compared to the control group goats provided with fresh water. The different physiological responses (Heart Rate, Respiration Rate and Rectal Temperature) and hematological parameters (TEC, TLC, Hb, PCV, ESR, and DLC) of the goats provided with purified waste water although differed from the control values but the differences were non-significant (p<0.05). The growth parameter which included body weight, remained non-significantly (p<0.05) different in treatment groups as compared to the control groups. Milk yield in the crossbred lactating goats differed non-significantly (p<0.05) in the treatment group as compared to the control group. The parasitological infestation was found to be positive for Moneizia expansa and Giardia sp. some of the faecal samples of both the groups i.e. control as well as treatment groups. Hence, the purified waste water may be recommended as drinking water to the crossbred lactating goats in the water scarce areas.

References

Akkari H, Gharbi M, Darghouth M A (2011) Infestation of tracer lambs by Fasciola hepatica in Tunisia: determining periods for strategic anthelmintic treatments. Revue Scientifique Technique-OIE 30: 917.

Alamer M (2006) Physiological responses of Saudi Arabia indigenous goat to water deprivation. J Small Ruminant Res 63: 100-109.

Bayer W, Feldmann A (2003) Diversity of animals adapted to smallholder system. Conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity. Nat Rev Genet 2: 130-138.

Birteeb P T, Danquah B A, Salifu A S (2015) Growth performance of West African Dwarf Goats reared in the transitional zone of Ghana. Asian J Anim Sci 9: 370-378.

BIS (1991) Indian Standard for Drinking Water as per BIS specifications (IS 10500-1991).

Darcan N, Cedden F, Cankaya S (2008) Spraying effects on goat welfare in hot and humid climate. Ital J Anim Sci 7: 77-85.

EPA (2002) Guidelines for Water Reuse, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency/U.S. Agency for International Development, Washington D.C., USEPA/625/R-04/108.

Ehrlenbruch R, Eknæs M, Pollen T, Andersen I L, Boe K E (2010) Water intake in dairy goats-the effect of different types of roughages. Italian J Anim Sci 9:76.

Faroda A S (1999) Management of arid lands. In: Singh G B, Shrama L R (Eds.) 50 Years of Natural Resources Management Research in India. Division of Natural Resource Management, ICAR, Krishi Bhawan, New Delhi. 579–614.

Francis F (2017). Studies on adaptation of native goat for efficient water utilization under different agroclimatic zone. PhD thesis, ICAR-National Dairy Research Institute. Haryana, India.

Iniguez L (2005) Characterization of small ruminant breeds in West Asia and North Africa, Aleppo: ICARDA.

Jaber L, Chedid M, Hamadeh S (2013) Water stress in small ruminants. In Responses of organisms to water stress. Intech Open.

Khayeche M, Mhadhbi M, Gharbi M, Nasfi I, Darghouth M A (2014) Detection of Toxoplasma gondii infection of sheep slaughtered in the governorate of Sousse on the occasion of the Muslim sacrifice feast (Eid Al-Adha) and analysis of risk factors. Bulletin de la Societe de pathologie exotique. 107: 60-63.

Malley Z J U, Taeb M, Matsumoto T, Takeya H (2009) Environmental sustainability and water availability: Analyses of the scarcity and improvement opportunities in the Usangu plain, Tanzania. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C. 34: 3-13.

Mdletshe Z M, Chimonyo M, Marufu M C, Nsahlai I V (2017) Effects of saline water consumption on physiological responses in Nguni goats. Small Ruminant Res. 153: 209-211.

Mengistu U K, Dahlborn K, Olsson K (2007) Mechanisms of water economy in lactating Ethiopian Somali goats during repeated cycles of intermittent watering. Animal. 1: 1009-1017.

Mleil S, Lassoued N, Salem H B, Kraiem K (2011) Effect of water deprivation during last pregnancy and post-partum period on Barbarine ewes performances and lamb’s growth. Options méditerranéennes A, Challenging strategies to promote the sheep and goat sector in the current global context. 99.

National Research Council – NRC (2001) Nutrient requirements of dairy cattle. 6.rev.ed. Washington D C: 381p.

Phulia S K, Upadhyay R C, Jindal S K, Misra R P (2010) Alteration in surface body temperature and physiological responses in Sirohi goats during day time in summer season. Indian J Anim Sci 80: 340-342.

Salem H B, Lassoued N, Rekik M (2011) Merits of the fat-tailed Barbarine sheep raised in different production systems in Tunisia: digestive, productive and reproductive characteristics. Trop Anim Health Prod 43: 1357-1370.

Silva M R L, Amarante M R V, Bresciani K D S, Amarante A F T (2015) Host-specificity and morphometrics of female Haemonchus contortus, H. placei and H. similis (Nematoda: Trichostrongylidae) in cattle and sheep from shared pastures in Sao Paulo State, Brazil. J Helminthol 89: 302-306.

Tarawali S, Herrero M, Descheemaeker K, Grings E, Blummel M (2011) Pathways for sustainable development of mixed crop livestock systems: Taking a livestock and pro-poor approach. Livest Sci 139: 11-12.

Thang T, Sunagawa K, Nagamine I, Kishi T, Ogura G (2012) A physiological stimulating factor of water intake during and after dry forage feeding in large-type goats. Asian-Australas J Anim Sci 25: 502.

Upadhyay R C, Rao M V N (1985) Hematological and biochemical constituents of blood in goats upto the one-year age. Indian J Dairy Sci 38:168-173.

Yacout M H, Hassan A A, Khalel M S, Shwerab A M, Abdel-Gawad E I (2015) Effect of magnetic water on the performance of lactating goats. J. Dairy Vet. Anim. Res 2: 48.

Downloads

Submitted

2022-02-23

Published

2023-04-27

Issue

Section

ANIMAL PRODUCTION & REPRODUCTION

How to Cite

Effect of purified waste water intake on physiological, growth and health parameters in crossbred (Alpine x Beetal) lactating goats. (2023). Indian Journal of Dairy Science, 76(2). https://epubs.icar.org.in/index.php/IJDS/article/view/121710