Attitudes of the Postgraduate Students of Manipur University towards Entrepreneurship

Abstract views: 253 / PDF downloads: 76


  • Martina Meinam 7629037187
  • Sekhar Nath Ojha ICAR-CIFE
  • Pachampalayam Shanmugam Ananthan ICAR-CIFE
  • Arpita Sharma
  • Teresa Meinam
  • Yumlembam Jackie Singh
  • Shakir Ahmad Mir


The attitudes of the student were studied using affective, behavioural, and cognitive components during 2020-2021 among the postgraduate students of Manipur University (MU). A structured interview schedule was used and data were collected from 160 respondents using stratified random sampling from five Schools of Studies of the university. Entrepreneurship Attitudes Score of students was found to be ‘0.647’ for the School of Humanities; ‘0.635’ for the School of Human & Environmental Sciences, ‘0.702’ for the School of Social Sciences, ‘0.609’ for the School of Life Sciences; ‘0.677’ for the School of Mathematical and Physical Sciences. The overall score of students’ attitudes towards entrepreneurship was found to be 0.65, revealing that the majority of the students (58.28%) were moderately favourable towards entrepreneurship. Kruskal-Wallis test was used and found that students of the School of Social Sciences and male students showed higher attitude towards entrepreneurship; 44.14% of the students showed highly favourable towards entrepreneurship. School of Social Science students were found to be more aware of the potential resource and were more aware of different programmers, schemes, ideas and strategies. Such potent and knowledgeable students should be selected and nurtured with proper training, exposure and making them aware of different Government schemes.


Arntz, M., Ben Yahmed, S., & Berlingieri, F. (2020). Working from home and COVID-19: The chances and risks for gender gaps. Intereconomics, 55, 381-386.

Boubker, O., Arroud, M., & Ouajdouni, A. (2021). Entrepreneurship education versus management students’ entrepreneurial intentions. A PLS-SEM approach. The International Journal of Management Education, 19(1), 100450.

Chand, K., Tiwari, R., & Phuyal, M. (2017). Economic growth and unemployment rate: An empirical study of Indian economy. Pragati: Journal of Indian Economy, 4(2), 130-137.

Chaudhary, K. L., Parmar, K. M., & Prajapati, M. R. (2017). Correlates of entrepreneurial behaviour of dairy farmers about dairy enterprise. Gujarat Journal of Extension Education, 28(2), 59–61.

Geeta P. C&Natikar; K.V. (2021). Entrepreneurial behaviour of trained entrepreneurs of North Karnataka. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 21(4),129-133.

Guite, S., Sharma, H. I., &Thoudam, L. (2022). Determinants of livelihood diversification among the Thadou-Kukis of Manipur, India. Economic Affairs, 67(1s), 79-86.

Kumar, A., Bareth, L., Ghaswa, R., & Yadav, J. (2022). Attitude of farmers towards groundnut cultivation in Bikaner district of Rajasthan. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(1), 157-160. doi: 10.48165/ijee.2022.58144

Kumar, R., Jhajharia, A.K., Kumar, R., Kumar, S., and Shubham (2023). Attitude of registered farmers and traders toward E-nam. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 23(1), 55–58.

Meshram, V., Pyasi, V.K., Chobitkar, N., Rawat, S. &Ahirwar, R.F. (2006). Attitude of beneficiaries to Swarnjayanti Gram Swarozgar Yojana. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 6(3), 22-24.

Nain M.S., Singh R., Sangeetha V., Chandel S.S., Kumar P., & Peer J. A. (2013). Strategies for entrepreneurship development through fruit production in J&K state. Agricultural Science Digest. 33(3), 165-171.

Nain M. S., Singh Rashmi, Mishra J. R., Sharma J. P., Singh A. K., Kumar A., Gills R., & Suman R. S. (2019). Maximising farm profitability through entrepreneurship development and farmers’ innovations: feasibility analysis and action interventions. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 89(6), 1044-49.

Nain M.S., Singh Rashmi, Mishra J. R. & Sharma J. P. (2019). Theoretical foundations of agripreneurship development process: A study of best practices, facilitative factors and inhibitive factors of achiever farmers. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development,14 (2), 373-77.

National Youth Policy (2012). Exposure draft. Ministry of Youth Affairs and Sports, Government of India. 1-29.

Patel, S. & Sharma, O. P. (2022). Scale on attitude of young farmers towards climate smart agricultural interventions. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 22(2), 181-183.

Raju, M. S.; Devy, M. R.& Gopal, P.S. (2022). Farmers’ perceived effectiveness of e-NAM. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education,22(3), 43-48.

Rosenberg, M.J., Hovland, C.I., McGuire, W.J., Abelson, R.P. & Brehm, J.W.,( 1960). Attitude organization and change: An analysis of consistency among attitude components. American Sociological Review, 26(4), 644.

Rudhumbu, N., Svotwa, D., Munyanyiwa, T., and Mutsau, M. (2016). Attitudes of students towards entrepreneurship education at two selected higher education institutions in Botswana: A critical analysis and reflection. Academic Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies, 5(2), 83-94.

Saha, S., Sharma, N., Burman, R. R., Sinha, P. K., Joshi P & V Ramasubramanian (2023) “Analysing attitude of the farmers towards IARI, Pusa Extension Approaches,” Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 23(1), 23–29.

Shaik, M., & Chauhan, N. (2022). Attitude and willingness of practising dairy farmers sons to work permanently in rural area. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(1), 121-124.

Sharma, A.K., Jha, S.K., Kumar vinod& Kumar Arvind (2004). Attitude of farmers towards “School on Air” programme run by NRCRM on modern rapeseed mustard technologies. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 4(3), 21-24.

Singh, R., Nain, M. S., Sharma, J. P., Mishra, J. R., & Burman, R. R. (2014). Institutional convergence of synergistic strengths for developing women agripreneurs. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 50(3&4), 1-7.

Singh R., Nain M.S., Sharma J.P. & Mishra J.R. (2016). Developing agripreneurship for sustainable farm income: action research study on women farmers of Hapur district, Uttar Pradesh. Journal of Community Mobilization and Sustainable Development, 11(1),127-135.

Singh, S., Gupta, B., Mishra, B., Shukla, G., Raghubanshi, S., Kalia, A., & Kumar, A. (2022). Entrepreneurial behavior of skilled youths of banda district of Bundelkhand region,Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Extension Education, 58(1), 189-191. doi: 10.48165/ijee.2022.58138

Statista. (2022). Loss in global tourism jobs due to COVID-19 by region 2020

Teshome, T. (2014). Attitudes of private higher education students towards entrepreneurship: A case of distance learners in Wolaita Sodo and Hossana Towns. Middle-East Journal of Scientific Research, 19(2), 277-285.

Thomas, M. R., & George, G. (2021). Segmenting, targeting, and positioning (stp) of generational cohorts Y, Z and Alpha. IIMS Journal of Management Science, 12(2), 115-129.

Verma, H. L., Lal, H., &Bhimawat, B. S. (2012). Attitude Measurement of Rural Youths towards Rural Development Activities in Jaipur District of Rajasthan. Indian Research Journal of Extension Education, 12(3), 79-83.

Zain, Z.M., Akram, A.M. & Ghani, E.K. (2010). Entrepreneurship intentions among Malaysian business students. Canadian Social Science, 6(3), 34-44.






How to Cite

Attitudes of the Postgraduate Students of Manipur University towards Entrepreneurship. (2023). Indian Journal of Extension Education, 59(3), 63-68.

Most read articles by the same author(s)