Perception of Youths Towards Farming as Means of Livelihood
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The study was conducted covering six districts of the Odisha namely Khurda, Nayagarh, Kendrapada, Puri, Sambalpur
and Jagatsinghpur with total sample size of 250. The sample was selected at random fulfilling the criteria of belonging to
rural areas, below age group of 35 years, educated up to middle school standard and above, having experience in farming,
in search of alternative job and experiencing dissatisfaction with farming.Mismatching of education of persons to work
with soil and animals, hazards of climate, difficult to compete in the business, less remunerative character of farming and
difficult to meet family requirements are the reasons for dislike of youths towards farming. Lack of farmers' support
policy, continuous land fragmentation, lack of facilities for agri- business, risk and hazards, lack of social security are the
major constraints to retain youths in farming for livelihood. Strong marketing facilities, insurance policy, risk coverage,
mechanized farming, regulatory technologies are the major expectations from govt. to take up farming. The suggestions
for better farming enterprise in Odisha include export oriented farming, strong marketing facilities, strong production
control system, farmer as friendly policy, infrastructure, irrigation and commodity group approach. However no farming
less than 1 hect. of land is subject to debate as by the sample.
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